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From the same journal

Seasonal dependence of the oxidation capacity of the city of Santiago de Chile

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Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Y. F. Elshorbany
  • J. Kleffmann
  • R. Kurtenbach
  • E. Lissi
  • M. Rubio
  • G. Villena
  • E. Gramsch
  • A. R. Rickard
  • M. J. Pilling
  • P. Wiesen

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalAtmospheric Environment
DatePublished - 1 Dec 2010
Issue number40
Volume44
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)5383-5394
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The oxidation capacity of the highly polluted urban area of Santiago de Chile has been evaluated during a winter measurement campaign from May 25 to June 07, 2005, with the results compared and contrasted with those previously evaluated during a summer campaign from March 8 to 20, 2005. The OH radical budget was evaluated in both campaigns employing a simple quasi-photostationary state model (PSS) constrained with simultaneous measurements of HONO, HCHO, O3, NO, NO2, j(O1D), j(NO2), 13 alkenes and meteorological parameters. In addition, a zero dimensional photochemical box model based on the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCMv3.1) has been used for the analysis of the radical budgets and concentrations of OH, HO2 and RO2. Besides the above parameters, the MCM model has been constrained by the measured CO and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including alkanes and aromatics. Total production and destruction rates of OH and HO2 in winter are about two times lower than that during summer. Simulated OH levels by both PSS and MCM models are similar during the daytime for both winter and summer indicating that the primary OH sources and sinks included in the simple PSS model are predominant. On a 24 h basis, HONO photolysis was shown to be the most important primary OH radical source comprising 81% and 52% of the OH initiation rate during winter and summer, respectively followed by alkene ozonolysis (12.5% and 29%), photolysis of HCHO (6.1% and 15%), and photolysis of O3 (<1% and 4%), respectively. During both winter and summer, there was a balance between the OH secondary production (HO2 + NO) and destruction (OH + VOCs) showing that initiation sources of RO2 and HO2 are no net OH initiation sources. This result was found to be fulfilled also for all other studies investigated. Seasonal impacts on the radical budgets are also discussed.

    Research areas

  • Oxidation capacity, Radical balance, Radical budgets, Santiago, Seasonal dependence

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