Selecting teachers and prospective teachers: a meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The purpose of this review article was to examine the methods used for the selection of teachers for employment and prospective teachers entering initial teacher education (ITE) programs, and to assess the predictive validity of these methods. We reviewed 32 studies reporting selection methods administered in high-stakes conditions and that included an external (not self-reported) teacher effectiveness outcome measure. The overall effect size was small but significant (r = 0.12, p <.001). Moderator analyses showed that academic and non-academic predictors were both significantly associated with teacher effectiveness measures and that effect sizes were small (but significant) for selection into employment and ITE. We conclude the review by proposing a research agenda that has the potential to enhance educational outcomes by improving the selection of prospective teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-51
Number of pages20
JournalEducational Research Review
Early online date26 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


  • Initial teacher education
  • Personality
  • Recruitment
  • Teacher characteristics
  • Teacher selection

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