By the same authors

From the same journal

Sentence polarity and word order in Basque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

JournalThe Linguistic Review
DatePublished - 26 Jan 2006
Issue number2
Number of pages37
Pages (from-to)87-124
Original languageEnglish


This paper argues for a new understanding of polarity-sensitive word order alternations in Basque, within a theory of grammar that assumes antisymmetry (Kayne 1994) and only XP movement. Drawing on Cinque's (1999) universal hierarchy of functional heads it argues that the negative order - Neg-Aux-V - is derivationally prior. The affirmative V-aux order is produced by raising of the VP to a position called PolP, which also hosts the negative morpheme ez, in negative sentences, and the emphatic marker, ba, in emphatic affirmatives. An empirical advantage of this proposal over underlying mixed-head approaches to Basque (Laka 1990), Elordieta 2000) is its ability to explain scope taking between negation and evidential particles.

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations