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Sequentially assembled food webs and extremum principles in ecosystem ecology

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JournalJournal of Animal Ecology
DatePublished - Mar 2006
Issue number2
Volume75
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)377-386
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Successional changes during sequential assembly of food webs were examined. This was carried out by numerical methods, drawing one species at a time from a species pool and obtaining the permanent (persistent) community emerging at each step. Interactions among species were based on some simple rules about body sizes of consumers and their prey, and community dynamics were described in terms of flows of biomass density.

Sequential assembly acted as a sieve on the communities, assembled communities having many properties different on average from those of feasible, stable communities taken at random from the species pools.

Time-series of community development were consistent with certain functions thought to go to an extremum (maximum or minimum) in ecosystem ecology, including a rapid early increase in net primary productivity and ascendency, although a clear trend in total biomass density was not evident and resilience decreased rather than increased.

In addition, more gradual changes in food web structure took place during succession to which the ecosystem goal functions were relatively insensitive. These changes included gradual increases in the number of species, invasion resistance, number of loops of length > 2 and number of prey species per consumer species.

We therefore argue that ecosystem and community dynamics can offer complementary insights into the process of ecological succession. The extremum principles of ecosystem ecology highlight some of the major properties of succession, whereas the community ecology sheds light on some more subtle changes taking place within the networks.

    Research areas

  • ascendency, goal function, invasion resistance, permanence, succession, BODY-SIZE, COMMUNITIES, STABILITY, SPACE

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