Severe and fatal cycling crash injury in Britain: Time to make urban cycling safer

Amanda J Mason-Jones, Stephen Turrell, Gerardo Zavala Gomez, Caroline Tait, Robin Lovelace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pedal cycling is advocated for increasing physical activity and promoting health and wellbeing. However, whilst some countries have achieved zero cyclist deaths on their roads, this is not the case for Great Britain (GB). A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted of STATS19 cyclist crash data, a dataset of all police-reported traffic crashes in GB. Information about crash location, casualty, driver and vehicles involved were included as predictors of casualty severity (fatal or severe vs. slight). Sixteen thousand one hundred seventy pedal cycle crashes were reported during 2018. Severe or fatal cyclist crash injury was associated with increasing age of the cyclist (35-39 years, OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.73; 55-59 years, OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.2; 70 years and over, OR 2.87, 95% CI 2.12 to 3.87), higher road speed limits (50 MPH OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.43 to 3.07; 70 MPH OR 4.12, 95% CI 2.12 to 8.03), the involvement of goods vehicles (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.30 to 3.33) and the months of May and June (OR 1.34 to 1.36, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.73). Urban planning that includes physical separation of pedal cyclists from other road users, raising awareness around the risks from goods vehicles and reducing road speed should be the urgent focus of interventions to increase the benefits and safety of cycling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334–343
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Early online date11 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

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© 2022. The Author(s).

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