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Shallow-water models for a vibrating fluid

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JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
DateAccepted/In press - 20 Sep 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 2 Nov 2017
DatePublished (current) - 25 Dec 2017
Number of pages28
Pages (from-to)1-28
Early online date2/11/17
Original languageEnglish


We consider a layer of an inviscid fluid with free surface which is subject to vertical high-frequency vibrations. We derive three asymptotic systems of equations that describe slowly evolving (in comparison with the vibration frequency) free-surface waves. The first set of equations is obtained without assuming that the waves are long. These equations are as difficult to solve as the exact equations for irrotational water waves in a non-vibrating fluid. The other two models describe long waves. These models are obtained under two different assumptions about the amplitude of the vibration. Surprisingly, the governing equations have exactly the same form in both cases (up to interpretation of some constants). These equations reduce to the standard dispersionless shallow-water equations if the vibration is absent, and the vibration manifests itself via an additional term which makes the equations dispersive and, for small-amplitude waves, is similar to the term that would appear if surface tension were taken into account. We show that our dispersive shallow water equations have both solitary and periodic travelling wave solutions and discuss an analogy between these solutions and travelling capillary-gravity waves in a non-vibrating fluid.

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