Shape coexistence and shape transition in self-conjugate nucleus 72Kr and the tensor force

K. Kaneko, Y. Sun, R. Wadsworth

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Oblate-prolate shape-coexistence is well-known in the N=Z nucleus 72Kr. Furthermore, recent experimental data implies that there is a rapid shape transition at very low spins in this nucleus. We reinvestigate this problem by using large-scale shell-model calculations with the monopole interactions derived from the monopole-based universal force that contains the tensor force in the Hamiltonian. We show that in 72Kr, states with nucleon-quartet excitation from the pf shell to the - orbits, which favor large prolate deformation, compete with those having the pf shell as the main configuration with oblate deformation. These shapes can coexist if the two types of states reside closely in excitation energy. In 72Kr the tensor force is found to provide precisely such a coexistence condition near the ground state. As the tensor effect changes dynamically with orbital occupation when the nucleus rotates, a rapid shape transition can occur.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114008
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2017

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© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details


  • Large-scale shell-model
  • Monopoleinteraction
  • Nucleon-quartet excitation
  • Oblate-prolate shape-coexistence
  • Self-conjugate nucleus
  • Shape transition
  • Tensor force

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