Shared Physical Custody and Child Maintenance Arrangements: a comparative analysis of 13 countries using a model families approach

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

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Department/unit(s)

Publication details

Title of host publicationShared Physical Custody
DateIn preparation - 20 Apr 2019
DateSubmitted - 20 Apr 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 15 Feb 2021
DatePublished (current) - 17 Jun 2021
Pages325-350
Number of pages26
PublisherSpringer
EditorsLaura Bernardi, Dimitri Mortelmans
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)9783030684792
ISBN (Print)9783030684815

Publication series

NameEuropean Studies of Population
PublisherSpringer

Abstract

This book chapter provides new insights to the question of how child
maintenance policies have responded to changing post separation
family arrangements and most specifically shared physical custody
(SPC). We analyse how shared care is implemented and how it
operates in child maintenance policies in 13 countries: Australia,
Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Iceland, New Zealand,
Norway, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the US. The comparative
analysis is based on vignette questionnaire collected in 2017. There
are differences in how countries have acknowledged and recognized
shared physical custody in their child maintenance policies. It varies
from complete annulment of obligations, to some countries making
finer grained adjustments to reduce child maintenance obligations
and yet others’ making no changes as a result of shared physical
custody, with the paying parent still having to provide the full amount
of child maintenance. It seems there is no standard practice and nor
do the different arrangements map easily onto child maintenance
scheme typology. The latter is surprising, as it might have been
expected that similarly structured child maintenance schemes would
treat shared physical custody in similar ways. This variability
demonstrates a lack of coherence across child maintenance policies
on how to deal with this phenomenon of greater gender equality in
post-separation parenting arrangements.

Bibliographical note

This post reviewed version was submitted on 20th April 2019 to the Book editors. It has yet to be accepted by those editors and sent for further approval to the publisher.

    Research areas

  • Joint Physical Custody, Child Maintenance, Comparative Analysis

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