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Short-lived alkyl iodides and bromides at Mace Head, Ireland: Links to biogenic sources and halogen oxide production

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

  • L J Carpenter
  • W T Sturges
  • S A Penkett
  • P S Liss
  • B Alicke
  • K Hebestreit
  • U Platt

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
DatePublished - 20 Jan 1999
Issue numberD1
Volume104
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)1679-1689
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Automated in situ gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) measurements of a range of predominantly biogenic alkyl halides in air, including CHBr3, CHBr2Cl, CH3Br, C2H5Br, CH3I, C2H5I, CH2ICl, CH2I2, and the hitherto unreported CH2IBr were made at Mace Head during a 3-week period in May 1997. C3H7I and CH3CHICH3 were monitored but not detected. Positive correlations were observed between the polyhalomethane pairs CHBr3/CHBr2Cl and CHBr3/CH2IBr and between the monohalomethane pair CH3I/C2H5I, which are interpreted in terms of common or linked marine sources. During periods when air masses were affected by emissions from local seaweed beds, the concentrations of CHBr3, CH2ICI, and CH2IBr not only showed remarkable correlation but also maximized at low water. These are the first field observations to provide evidence for a link between the tidal cycle, polyhalomethanes in air, and potential marine production. The calculated total flux of iodine atoms into the boundary layer at Mace Head from organic gaseous precursors was dominated by photolytic destruction of CH2I2 Photolysis of CH3I contributed less than 3%. The calculated peak flux of iodine atoms during the campaign coincided with the highest measured levels of iodine oxide radicals, as determined using Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometry (DOAS).

    Research areas

  • ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, PHYTOPLANKTON CULTURES, VOLATILE ORGANOIODINE, ARCTIC TROPOSPHERE, ATLANTIC-OCEAN, METHYL-IODIDE, HALOCARBONS, HYDROCARBONS, OZONE, AIR

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