Size distribution of commuters' exposure to airborne particulate matter in buses in the UK

W. W. Song, M. R. Ashmore

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Traffic is an important source of particle emissions which contribute to urban air pollution around the world. In transport microenvironments particles of various sizes, which can be inhaled and cause serious health effects, are generated from fuel combustion. In this study, the size distribution of commuters' exposure to particles inside public buses was examined in the city of York, UK. Measurements were conducted during the winter, inside different types of buses. Particle number concentrations were measured in four main size classes: 0.3-10 mu m, 1.0-3.0 mu m, 3.0-7.5 mu m, and 7.5-15 mu m. The correlation coefficients between particle number concentrations for these different size ranges differed for each type of bus. Statistical analysis showed that the different size classes of particles were influenced by different factors. Particles in size class 0.3-1.0 mu m were affected by the duration at bus stops, number of people active, and outdoor concentrations, but the effect of numbers and activities of passengers in re-suspending particles was the dominant factor for coarse particles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAir Pollution XV
EditorsCA Borrego, CA Brebbia
Place of PublicationSOUTHAMPTON
PublisherWIT Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-1-84564-067-5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event15th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution - Algrave
Duration: 23 Apr 200725 Apr 2007


Conference15th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution


  • transport
  • particles
  • exposure
  • buses
  • PM2.5

Cite this