Size distribution of commuters' exposure to airborne particulate matter in buses in the UK

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Publication details

Title of host publicationAir Pollution XV
DatePublished - 2007
Pages487-496
Number of pages10
PublisherWIT PRESS
Place of PublicationSOUTHAMPTON
EditorsCA Borrego, CA Brebbia
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Print)978-1-84564-067-5

Abstract

Traffic is an important source of particle emissions which contribute to urban air pollution around the world. In transport microenvironments particles of various sizes, which can be inhaled and cause serious health effects, are generated from fuel combustion. In this study, the size distribution of commuters' exposure to particles inside public buses was examined in the city of York, UK. Measurements were conducted during the winter, inside different types of buses. Particle number concentrations were measured in four main size classes: 0.3-10 mu m, 1.0-3.0 mu m, 3.0-7.5 mu m, and 7.5-15 mu m. The correlation coefficients between particle number concentrations for these different size ranges differed for each type of bus. Statistical analysis showed that the different size classes of particles were influenced by different factors. Particles in size class 0.3-1.0 mu m were affected by the duration at bus stops, number of people active, and outdoor concentrations, but the effect of numbers and activities of passengers in re-suspending particles was the dominant factor for coarse particles.

    Research areas

  • transport, particles, exposure, buses, PERSONAL EXPOSURE, CARBON-MONOXIDE, AIR-POLLUTION, LONDON, PM2.5

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