Soundscape Preference Rating Using Semantic Differential Pairs And The Self-Assessment Manikin

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This paper presents the findings of a soundscape preference rating study designed to assess the suitability of the self-assessment manikin (SAM) for measuring an individual’s subjective response to a soundscape. The use of semantic differential (SD) pairs for this purpose is a well established method, but one that can be quite time consuming and not immediately intuitive to the non-expert. The SAM is a questionnaire tool designed for the measurement of emotional response to a given stimulus. Whilst the SAM has seen some limited use in a soundscape context, it has yet to be explicitly compared to the established SD pairs methodology. This study makes use of B-format soundscape recordings, made at a range of locations including rural, suburban, and urban environments, presented to test participants over a 16-speaker surround-sound listening setup. Each recording was rated using the SAM and set of SD pairs chosen following a survey of previous studies. Results show the SAM to be a suitable method for the evaluation of soundscapes that is more intuitive and less timeconsuming than SD pairs.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2016
EventSound and Music Computing 2016 (SMC2016) - Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 31 Aug 20163 Sept 2016


ConferenceSound and Music Computing 2016 (SMC2016)
Internet address


  • audio
  • acoustics
  • environmental noise
  • auralisation

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