Statistics of the Reradiated Spectrum from Multiple Nonlinear Devices in a Reverberation Chamber

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The statistical distributions of the re-radiated spectrum from an ensemble of non-linear devices subjected to radio-frequency interference measured in a reverberation chamber are investigated. This phenomenon can be used to probe the interaction between threatening radio-frequency energy and digital hardware. Previously, a statistical model was developed to explain the statistics of the measured spectrum from a single non-linear element. Here, the model is extended to the more realistic situation with multiple re-radiating sources. It is observed in the measurement results that two parameters, the power level of the interference and the spatial distribution of the re-radiating sources, have effects on the statistical distribution. It is shown that the Monte Carlo simulations based on the statistical models can properly reconstruct the measured statistical distributions. Understanding the signature of the onset of hard non-linearity in the observed spectrum may lead to the development of an immunity diagnostic tool that does not depend on monitoring the functional behaviour of the equipment-under-test.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


  • Clocks , Correlation , Couplings , Frequency measurement , Receiving antennas , Reverberation chamber , Transmitting antennas

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