Strigolactones enhance competition between shoot branches by dampening auxin transport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published copy (DOI)

Author(s)

  • Scott Crawford
  • Naoki Shinohara
  • Tobias Sieberer
  • Lisa Williamson
  • Gilu George
  • Jo Hepworth
  • Doerte Mueller
  • Malgorzata A. Domagalska
  • Ottoline Leyser

Department/unit(s)

Publication details

JournalDevelopment
DatePublished - 1 Sep 2010
Issue number17
Volume137
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)2905-2913
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs), or their derivatives, were recently demonstrated to act as endogenous shoot branching inhibitors, but their biosynthesis and mechanism of action are poorly understood. Here we show that the branching phenotype of mutants in the Arabidopsis P450 family member, MAX1, can be fully rescued by strigolactone addition, suggesting that MAX1 acts in SL synthesis. We demonstrate that SLs modulate polar auxin transport to control branching and that both the synthetic SL GR24 and endogenous SL synthesis significantly reduce the basipetal transport of a second branch-regulating hormone, auxin. Importantly, GR24 inhibits branching only in the presence of auxin in the main stem, and enhances competition between two branches on a common stem. Together, these results support two current hypotheses: that auxin moving down the main stem inhibits branch activity by preventing the establishment of auxin transport out of axillary branches; and that SLs act by dampening auxin transport, thus enhancing competition between branches.

    Research areas

  • Strigolactone, Auxin transport, Shoot branching, Arabidopsis, ZERO-DOSE CONTROL, ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI, F-BOX PROTEIN, APICAL-DOMINANCE, BUD OUTGROWTH, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, CYTOKININ CONCENTRATION, VASCULAR TISSUE, LEAF SENESCENCE, ACTS DOWNSTREAM

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