Strimvelis for treating severe combined immunodeficiency caused by adenosine deaminase deficiency: an evidence review group perspective of a NICE Highly Specialised Technology evaluation

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The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and Centre for Health Economics Technology Assessment Group at the University of York was commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Highly Specialised Technologies (HST) programme to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG) for an appraisal of Strimvelis ®, a gene therapy treatment for adenosine deaminase deficiency-severe combined immunodeficiency (ADA-SCID). This paper describes the manufacturing company's submission of clinical and economic evidence, the ERG's review and the resulting NICE guidance. For Strimvelis ® compared with haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) from a matched unrelated donor (MUD) and HSCT from a haploidentical donor, the company base-case deterministic incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were £36,360 and £14,645 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained, respectively (using a discount rate of 1.5%). Although overall survival in patients receiving Strimvelis ® was substantially higher than historical comparator data on HSCT from a MUD or haploidentical donor, the ERG was concerned that the estimated treatment benefit remained highly uncertain. The ERG critiqued some assumptions in the cost-effectiveness model, including that all patients return to general population mortality and morbidity after a successful procedure; that all patients receive a matched sibling donor following an unsuccessful engraftment; and that differences in wait times exist between the treatments. Incorporating a number of changes to the model, the ERG's base-case ICERs were £86,815 per QALY gained for Strimvelis ® compared with HSCT from a MUD and £16,704 per QALY gained compared with HSCT from a haploidentical donor (using a discount rate of 1.5%). The ICER for Strimvelis ® compared with HSCT from a MUD was highly sensitive to the difference in procedural mortality and could exceed NICE's £100,000 per QALY gained threshold for HSTs, if HSCT survival rates have improved since the most recent data. The evaluation committee concluded that the most plausible ICERs were lower than £100,000 per QALY gained and that Strimvelis ® should be recommended for treatment of ADA-SCID where a matched related donor is unavailable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-161
Number of pages11
JournalPharmacoEconomics - Open
Issue number2
Early online date17 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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