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Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity

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Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity. / Fish, Heather; Hart, Sam; Lamb, Katie J.; North, Michael; Quek, Sophie C.Z.; Whitwood, Adrian C.; Woods, Barnaby; Wu, Xiao.

In: Dalton Transactions, Vol. 50, No. 2, 14.01.2021, p. 587-598.

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Harvard

Fish, H, Hart, S, Lamb, KJ, North, M, Quek, SCZ, Whitwood, AC, Woods, B & Wu, X 2021, 'Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity', Dalton Transactions, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 587-598. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0DT03598J

APA

Fish, H., Hart, S., Lamb, K. J., North, M., Quek, S. C. Z., Whitwood, A. C., Woods, B., & Wu, X. (2021). Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity. Dalton Transactions, 50(2), 587-598. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0DT03598J

Vancouver

Fish H, Hart S, Lamb KJ, North M, Quek SCZ, Whitwood AC et al. Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity. Dalton Transactions. 2021 Jan 14;50(2):587-598. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0DT03598J

Author

Fish, Heather ; Hart, Sam ; Lamb, Katie J. ; North, Michael ; Quek, Sophie C.Z. ; Whitwood, Adrian C. ; Woods, Barnaby ; Wu, Xiao. / Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity. In: Dalton Transactions. 2021 ; Vol. 50, No. 2. pp. 587-598.

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@article{562b6ced29dd4c90b4d2b7267723bd31,
title = "Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity",
abstract = "The crystal structure of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O·HCl shows major changes compared to that of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O. The additional proton is localized on the bridging oxygen atom, making the aluminium atoms more electron deficient. As a result, a water molecule coordinates to one of the aluminium atoms, which becomes six-coordinate. This pushes the salen ligand associated with the six-coordinate aluminium ion closer to the other salen ligand and results in the geometry around the five-coordinate aluminium atom becoming more trigonal bipyramidal. These results experimentally mirror the predications of DFT calculations on the interaction of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O and related complexes with carbon dioxide. Variable temperature NMR studies of protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes revealed that the structures were dynamic and could be explained on the basis of an intramolecular rearrangement in which the non-salen substituent of a five-coordinate aluminium(tBu-salen) unit migrates from one face of a square based pyramidal structure to the other via the formation of structures with trigonal bipyramidal geometries. Protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes were shown to have enhanced Lewis acidity relative to [Al(tBu-salen)]2O, coordinating to water, dioxane and 1,2-epoxyhexane. Coordinated epoxyhexane was activated towards ring-opening, to give various species which remained coordinated to the aluminium centers. The protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes catalysed the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and carbon dioxide both in the presence and absence of tetrabutylammonium bromide as a nucleophilic cocatalyst. The catalytic activity was principally determined by the nature of the nucleophilic species within the catalyst structure rather than by changes to the Lewis acidity of the metal centers.",
author = "Heather Fish and Sam Hart and Lamb, {Katie J.} and Michael North and Quek, {Sophie C.Z.} and Whitwood, {Adrian C.} and Barnaby Woods and Xiao Wu",
note = "{\textcopyright} The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021 ",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/D0DT03598J",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "587--598",
journal = "Dalton Transactions",
issn = "1477-9234",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "2",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural analysis of five-coordinate aluminium(salen) complexes and its relationship to their catalytic activity

AU - Fish, Heather

AU - Hart, Sam

AU - Lamb, Katie J.

AU - North, Michael

AU - Quek, Sophie C.Z.

AU - Whitwood, Adrian C.

AU - Woods, Barnaby

AU - Wu, Xiao

N1 - © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021

PY - 2021/1/14

Y1 - 2021/1/14

N2 - The crystal structure of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O·HCl shows major changes compared to that of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O. The additional proton is localized on the bridging oxygen atom, making the aluminium atoms more electron deficient. As a result, a water molecule coordinates to one of the aluminium atoms, which becomes six-coordinate. This pushes the salen ligand associated with the six-coordinate aluminium ion closer to the other salen ligand and results in the geometry around the five-coordinate aluminium atom becoming more trigonal bipyramidal. These results experimentally mirror the predications of DFT calculations on the interaction of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O and related complexes with carbon dioxide. Variable temperature NMR studies of protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes revealed that the structures were dynamic and could be explained on the basis of an intramolecular rearrangement in which the non-salen substituent of a five-coordinate aluminium(tBu-salen) unit migrates from one face of a square based pyramidal structure to the other via the formation of structures with trigonal bipyramidal geometries. Protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes were shown to have enhanced Lewis acidity relative to [Al(tBu-salen)]2O, coordinating to water, dioxane and 1,2-epoxyhexane. Coordinated epoxyhexane was activated towards ring-opening, to give various species which remained coordinated to the aluminium centers. The protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes catalysed the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and carbon dioxide both in the presence and absence of tetrabutylammonium bromide as a nucleophilic cocatalyst. The catalytic activity was principally determined by the nature of the nucleophilic species within the catalyst structure rather than by changes to the Lewis acidity of the metal centers.

AB - The crystal structure of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O·HCl shows major changes compared to that of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O. The additional proton is localized on the bridging oxygen atom, making the aluminium atoms more electron deficient. As a result, a water molecule coordinates to one of the aluminium atoms, which becomes six-coordinate. This pushes the salen ligand associated with the six-coordinate aluminium ion closer to the other salen ligand and results in the geometry around the five-coordinate aluminium atom becoming more trigonal bipyramidal. These results experimentally mirror the predications of DFT calculations on the interaction of [Al(tBu-salen)]2O and related complexes with carbon dioxide. Variable temperature NMR studies of protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes revealed that the structures were dynamic and could be explained on the basis of an intramolecular rearrangement in which the non-salen substituent of a five-coordinate aluminium(tBu-salen) unit migrates from one face of a square based pyramidal structure to the other via the formation of structures with trigonal bipyramidal geometries. Protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes were shown to have enhanced Lewis acidity relative to [Al(tBu-salen)]2O, coordinating to water, dioxane and 1,2-epoxyhexane. Coordinated epoxyhexane was activated towards ring-opening, to give various species which remained coordinated to the aluminium centers. The protonated [Al(tBu-salen)]2O complexes catalysed the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and carbon dioxide both in the presence and absence of tetrabutylammonium bromide as a nucleophilic cocatalyst. The catalytic activity was principally determined by the nature of the nucleophilic species within the catalyst structure rather than by changes to the Lewis acidity of the metal centers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85099728952&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/D0DT03598J

DO - 10.1039/D0DT03598J

M3 - Article

C2 - 33367409

AN - SCOPUS:85099728952

VL - 50

SP - 587

EP - 598

JO - Dalton Transactions

JF - Dalton Transactions

SN - 1477-9234

IS - 2

ER -