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Structural barriers to scientific progress

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Publication details

JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology
DateAccepted/In press - 15 Aug 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print - 22 Sep 2020
DatePublished (current) - Oct 2020
Issue number10
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)908-911
Early online date22/09/20
Original languageEnglish


Structural biases, which are intrinsic in the social structures in which we function, play a key role in maintaining boundaries between traditionally privileged and underprivileged groups; however, they are particularly difficult to identify from within those societies. Two instances are highlighted in which the social structures of science appear to have discouraged collaboration, to the disadvantage of software and data users. Possible links are suggested to the strongly hierarchical structure of science and other factors which may in turn also serve to maintain sex and/or gender disparities in participation in the scientific endeavour.

Bibliographical note

© 2020, The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • bias, careers, gender, pay


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