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Structure and function of Bs164 β-mannosidase from Bacteroides salyersiae the founding member of glycoside hydrolase family GH164

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JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
DateAccepted/In press - 22 Dec 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 22 Dec 2019
DatePublished (current) - 27 Mar 2020
Issue number13
Volume295
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)4316-4326
Early online date22/12/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Recent work exploring protein sequence space has revealed a new glycoside hydrolase (GH) family (GH164) of putative mannosidases. GH164 genes are present in several commensal bacteria, implicating these genes in the degradation of dietary glycans. However, little is known about the structure, mechanism of action and substrate specificity of these enzymes. Herein we report the biochemical characterization and crystal structures of the founding member of this family (Bs164) from the human gut symbiont Bacteroides salyersiae. Previous reports of this enzyme indicated that it has α-mannosidase activity, however we conclusively show that it cleaves only β-mannose linkages. Using NMR spectroscopy, detailed enzyme kinetics of wild-type and mutant Bs164, and multi-angle light scattering we found that it is a trimeric retaining β-mannosidase, that is susceptible to several known mannosidase inhibitors. X-ray crystallography revealed the structure of Bs164 - the first known structure of a GH164 - at 1.91 Å resolution. Bs164 is composed of three domains: a (β/α)8 barrel, a trimerization domain and a β-sandwich domain, representing a previously unobserved structural fold for β-mannosidases. Structures of Bs164 at 1.80-2.55 Å resolution in complex with the inhibitors noeuromycin, mannoimidazole or DNP 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-mannose reveal the residues essential for specificity and catalysis including the catalytic nucleophile (Glu297) and acid/base residue (Glu160). These findings further our knowledge of the mechanisms commensal microbes use for nutrient acquisition.

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© 2020 Armstrong and Davies.

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