Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Substance use, sleep and intervention design : insights from qualitative data. / Neale, Jo; Meadows, Robert; Nettleton, Sarah Joan; Strang, John.

In: Journal of Mental Health, 21.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Neale, J, Meadows, R, Nettleton, SJ & Strang, J 2017, 'Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data', Journal of Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560

APA

Neale, J., Meadows, R., Nettleton, S. J., & Strang, J. (2017). Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data. Journal of Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560

Vancouver

Neale J, Meadows R, Nettleton SJ, Strang J. Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data. Journal of Mental Health. 2017 Dec 21. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560

Author

Neale, Jo ; Meadows, Robert ; Nettleton, Sarah Joan ; Strang, John. / Substance use, sleep and intervention design : insights from qualitative data. In: Journal of Mental Health. 2017.

Bibtex - Download

@article{59aefe2135b746e7b0253dcb4d8b1e46,
title = "Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data",
abstract = "Background: Alcohol and other drug use is associated with poor sleep quality and quantity, but there is limited qualitative research exploring substance users{\textquoteright} experiences of sleep and few psychosocial sleep interventions for them. Aim: To inform the development of psychosocial interventions to improve sleep amongst people reporting drug/alcohol problems. Method: Qualitative data were collected during a sleep survey. Of the 549 drug/alcohol users completing the survey, 188 (34%) provided additional information about their sleep using a free text box. Responses were analysed via Iterative Categorization. Findings were reviewed with reference to the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW).Results: All data were categorized inductively under five headings: i. sleep quality; ii. nature of sleep problems; iii. sleep and substances; iv. factors improving sleep quality; v. factors undermining sleep quality. Substance use undermined sleep, but poor sleep often persisted after substance use had ceased. Sleep problems were diverse; as were the causes of, and strategies for dealing with, those problems. Causes and strategies had biological, psychological, social, and environmental roots. Conclusions: The BCW facilitated the identification of intervention components that might improve the sleep of people who use substances. These components relate to education, training, enablement, modelling, service provision, guidelines and environment. ",
keywords = "Substance use; Sleep; Intervention Design; Behaviour Change; Qualitative; Survey",
author = "Jo Neale and Robert Meadows and Nettleton, {Sarah Joan} and John Strang",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2017 The Author(s).",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Mental Health",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Substance use, sleep and intervention design

T2 - insights from qualitative data

AU - Neale, Jo

AU - Meadows, Robert

AU - Nettleton, Sarah Joan

AU - Strang, John

N1 - © 2017 The Author(s).

PY - 2017/12/21

Y1 - 2017/12/21

N2 - Background: Alcohol and other drug use is associated with poor sleep quality and quantity, but there is limited qualitative research exploring substance users’ experiences of sleep and few psychosocial sleep interventions for them. Aim: To inform the development of psychosocial interventions to improve sleep amongst people reporting drug/alcohol problems. Method: Qualitative data were collected during a sleep survey. Of the 549 drug/alcohol users completing the survey, 188 (34%) provided additional information about their sleep using a free text box. Responses were analysed via Iterative Categorization. Findings were reviewed with reference to the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW).Results: All data were categorized inductively under five headings: i. sleep quality; ii. nature of sleep problems; iii. sleep and substances; iv. factors improving sleep quality; v. factors undermining sleep quality. Substance use undermined sleep, but poor sleep often persisted after substance use had ceased. Sleep problems were diverse; as were the causes of, and strategies for dealing with, those problems. Causes and strategies had biological, psychological, social, and environmental roots. Conclusions: The BCW facilitated the identification of intervention components that might improve the sleep of people who use substances. These components relate to education, training, enablement, modelling, service provision, guidelines and environment.

AB - Background: Alcohol and other drug use is associated with poor sleep quality and quantity, but there is limited qualitative research exploring substance users’ experiences of sleep and few psychosocial sleep interventions for them. Aim: To inform the development of psychosocial interventions to improve sleep amongst people reporting drug/alcohol problems. Method: Qualitative data were collected during a sleep survey. Of the 549 drug/alcohol users completing the survey, 188 (34%) provided additional information about their sleep using a free text box. Responses were analysed via Iterative Categorization. Findings were reviewed with reference to the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW).Results: All data were categorized inductively under five headings: i. sleep quality; ii. nature of sleep problems; iii. sleep and substances; iv. factors improving sleep quality; v. factors undermining sleep quality. Substance use undermined sleep, but poor sleep often persisted after substance use had ceased. Sleep problems were diverse; as were the causes of, and strategies for dealing with, those problems. Causes and strategies had biological, psychological, social, and environmental roots. Conclusions: The BCW facilitated the identification of intervention components that might improve the sleep of people who use substances. These components relate to education, training, enablement, modelling, service provision, guidelines and environment.

KW - Substance use; Sleep; Intervention Design; Behaviour Change; Qualitative; Survey

U2 - 10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560

DO - 10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Mental Health

JF - Journal of Mental Health

ER -