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Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis

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Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis. / Ramsbottom, Simon A; Maguire, Richard J; Fellgett, Simon W; Pownall, Mary Elizabeth.

In: Developmental Biology, Vol. 391, No. 2, 15.07.2014, p. 207-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ramsbottom, SA, Maguire, RJ, Fellgett, SW & Pownall, ME 2014, 'Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis', Developmental Biology, vol. 391, no. 2, pp. 207-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010

APA

Ramsbottom, S. A., Maguire, R. J., Fellgett, S. W., & Pownall, M. E. (2014). Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis. Developmental Biology, 391(2), 207-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010

Vancouver

Ramsbottom SA, Maguire RJ, Fellgett SW, Pownall ME. Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis. Developmental Biology. 2014 Jul 15;391(2):207-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010

Author

Ramsbottom, Simon A ; Maguire, Richard J ; Fellgett, Simon W ; Pownall, Mary Elizabeth. / Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis. In: Developmental Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 391, No. 2. pp. 207-218.

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@article{0424f2e19851443f90d7a18cd68e31b0,
title = "Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis",
abstract = "Genetic studies have established that heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are required for signalling by key developmental regulators, including Hedgehog, Wnt/Wg, FGF, and BMP/Dpp. Post-synthetic remodelling of heparan sulphate (HS) by Sulf1 has been shown to modulate these same signalling pathways. Sulf1 codes for an N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-endosulfatase, an enzyme that specifically removes the 6-O sulphate group from glucosamine in highly sulfated regions of HS chains. One striking aspect of Sulf1 expression in all vertebrates is its co-localisation with that of Sonic hedgehog in the floor plate of the neural tube. We show here that Sulf1 is required for normal specification of neural progenitors in the ventral neural tube, a process known to require a gradient of Shh activity. We use single-cell injection of mRNA coding for GFP-tagged Shh in early Xenopus embryos and find that Sulf1 restricts ligand diffusion. Moreover, we find that the endogenous distribution of Shh protein in Sulf1 knockdown embryos is altered, where a less steep ventral to dorsal gradient forms in the absence of Sulf1, resulting in more a diffuse distribution of Shh. These data point to an important role for Sulf1 in the ventral neural tube, and suggests a mechanism whereby Sulf1 activity shapes the Shh morphogen gradient by promoting ventral accumulation of high levels of Shh protein.",
keywords = "Animals, Body Patterning, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Hedgehog Proteins, Heparitin Sulfate, Neural Tube, RNA, Messenger, Signal Transduction, Sulfotransferases, Xenopus, Xenopus Proteins",
author = "Ramsbottom, {Simon A} and Maguire, {Richard J} and Fellgett, {Simon W} and Pownall, {Mary Elizabeth}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010",
language = "English",
volume = "391",
pages = "207--218",
journal = "Developmental Biology",
issn = "0012-1606",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sulf1 influences the Shh morphogen gradient during the dorsal ventral patterning of the neural tube in Xenopus tropicalis

AU - Ramsbottom, Simon A

AU - Maguire, Richard J

AU - Fellgett, Simon W

AU - Pownall, Mary Elizabeth

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/7/15

Y1 - 2014/7/15

N2 - Genetic studies have established that heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are required for signalling by key developmental regulators, including Hedgehog, Wnt/Wg, FGF, and BMP/Dpp. Post-synthetic remodelling of heparan sulphate (HS) by Sulf1 has been shown to modulate these same signalling pathways. Sulf1 codes for an N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-endosulfatase, an enzyme that specifically removes the 6-O sulphate group from glucosamine in highly sulfated regions of HS chains. One striking aspect of Sulf1 expression in all vertebrates is its co-localisation with that of Sonic hedgehog in the floor plate of the neural tube. We show here that Sulf1 is required for normal specification of neural progenitors in the ventral neural tube, a process known to require a gradient of Shh activity. We use single-cell injection of mRNA coding for GFP-tagged Shh in early Xenopus embryos and find that Sulf1 restricts ligand diffusion. Moreover, we find that the endogenous distribution of Shh protein in Sulf1 knockdown embryos is altered, where a less steep ventral to dorsal gradient forms in the absence of Sulf1, resulting in more a diffuse distribution of Shh. These data point to an important role for Sulf1 in the ventral neural tube, and suggests a mechanism whereby Sulf1 activity shapes the Shh morphogen gradient by promoting ventral accumulation of high levels of Shh protein.

AB - Genetic studies have established that heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are required for signalling by key developmental regulators, including Hedgehog, Wnt/Wg, FGF, and BMP/Dpp. Post-synthetic remodelling of heparan sulphate (HS) by Sulf1 has been shown to modulate these same signalling pathways. Sulf1 codes for an N-acetylglucosamine 6-O-endosulfatase, an enzyme that specifically removes the 6-O sulphate group from glucosamine in highly sulfated regions of HS chains. One striking aspect of Sulf1 expression in all vertebrates is its co-localisation with that of Sonic hedgehog in the floor plate of the neural tube. We show here that Sulf1 is required for normal specification of neural progenitors in the ventral neural tube, a process known to require a gradient of Shh activity. We use single-cell injection of mRNA coding for GFP-tagged Shh in early Xenopus embryos and find that Sulf1 restricts ligand diffusion. Moreover, we find that the endogenous distribution of Shh protein in Sulf1 knockdown embryos is altered, where a less steep ventral to dorsal gradient forms in the absence of Sulf1, resulting in more a diffuse distribution of Shh. These data point to an important role for Sulf1 in the ventral neural tube, and suggests a mechanism whereby Sulf1 activity shapes the Shh morphogen gradient by promoting ventral accumulation of high levels of Shh protein.

KW - Animals

KW - Body Patterning

KW - Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental

KW - Hedgehog Proteins

KW - Heparitin Sulfate

KW - Neural Tube

KW - RNA, Messenger

KW - Signal Transduction

KW - Sulfotransferases

KW - Xenopus

KW - Xenopus Proteins

U2 - 10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010

DO - 10.1016/j.ydbio.2014.04.010

M3 - Article

VL - 391

SP - 207

EP - 218

JO - Developmental Biology

JF - Developmental Biology

SN - 0012-1606

IS - 2

ER -