Superior Mesoporosity of Lipid Free Spent Coffee Grounds Residues

Thomas Ian James Dugmore, Zhiren Chen, Stella foster, Charlie Peagram, Avtar Singh Matharu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As part of the biorefinery concept for spent coffee grounds (SCG), production of activated carbon (AC) was investigated from the degreased coffee grounds (DCG) left behind after oil extraction (primarily for biodiesel). The oils were extracted via conventional solvent extraction with GC/GC-MS confirming the oil was comparable to oils produced industrially. More significantly, analysis showed the DCG AC to have a 4-fold increase in mesoporosity than the SCG AC with mesopore volumes of 0.6 and 0.15 cm3 g-1 respectively.
Adsorption trials showed a ten-fold increase in capacity for Au(III) from 8.7 to 88.6 mg/g with subsequent experiments confirming that DCG AC displayed standard behavior for mesoporous materials of increasing adsorption capacity with decreasing pH. This raises the potential for valorization of SCG into a functional material for water remediation without the need for templating agents or expansion pre-treatments with the added bonus of an additional material being produced simultaneously.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.


  • Spent Coffee Grounds
  • Mesoporous Carbon
  • Environmental Remediation
  • Waste Mitigation
  • Metal capture

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