Constructing deliberative real-time AI systems is challenging due to the high execution-time variance in AI algorithms and the requirement of worst-case bounds for hard real-time guarantees, often resulting in poor use of system resources. Using a motivating case study, the general problem of resource usage maximization is addressed. We show how the issues can be leveraged by employing a hybrid task model for anytime algorithms, which is supported by recent advances in fixed priority scheduling for imprecise computation.
In particular, with a novel scheduling scheme based on Dual Priority Scheduling, hard tasks are guaranteed by schedulability analysis and scheduled in favor of optional and anytime components which are executed whenever possible for enhancing system utility. Simulation studies show satisfactory performance on the case study with the application of the scheduling scheme. With its basis on fixed priority scheduling, it is expected that it can be easily incorporated into existing real-time operating systems, promoting wider use of imprecise computing and providing a framework where real-time AI applications can be suitably facilitated.
|Title of host publication||19th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems, Proceedings|
|Place of Publication||LOS ALAMITOS|
|Publisher||IEEE Computer Society|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Event||19th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2007) - Pisa|
Duration: 4 Jul 2007 → 6 Jul 2007
|Conference||19th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2007)|
|Period||4/07/07 → 6/07/07|