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Symmetry, Reference Frames, and Relational Quantities in Quantum Mechanics

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Publication details

JournalFoundations of Physics
DateAccepted/In press - 15 Jan 2018
DatePublished (current) - 5 Feb 2018
Number of pages64
Original languageEnglish


We propose that observables in quantum theory are properly understood as representatives of symmetry-invariant quantities relating one system to another, the latter to be called a reference system. We provide a rigorous mathematical language to introduce and study quantum reference systems, showing that the orthodox "absolute" quantities are good representatives of observable relative quantities if the reference state is suitably localised. We use this relational formalism to critique the literature on the relationship between reference frames and superselection rules, settling a long-standing debate on the subject.

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© The Author(s) 2018.

    Research areas

  • QUANTUM THEORY, quantum measurement, symmetry, reference frame

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