Synaptotagmin I is necessary for compensatory synaptic vesicle endocytosis in vivo

K.E. Poskanzer, K.W. Marek, S.T. Sweeney, G.W. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Neurotransmission requires a balance of synaptic vesicle exocytosis and endocytosis1. Synaptotagmin I (Syt I) is widely regarded as the primary calcium sensor for synaptic vesicle exocytosis2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Previous biochemical data suggest that Syt I may also function during synaptic vesicle endocytosis7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16; however, ultrastructural analyses at synapses with impaired Syt I function have provided an indirect and conflicting view of the role of Syt I during synaptic vesicle endocytosis3, 8, 9, 10, 14. Until now it has not been possible experimentally to separate the exocytic and endocytic functions of Syt I in vivo. Here, we test directly the role of Syt I during endocytosis in vivo. We use quantitative live imaging of a pH-sensitive green fluorescent protein fused to a synaptic vesicle protein (synapto-pHluorin) to measure the kinetics of endocytosis in sytI-null Drosophila. We then combine live imaging of the synapto-pHluorins with photoinactivation of Syt I, through fluorescein-assisted light inactivation, after normal Syt I-mediated vesicle exocytosis. By inactivating Syt I only during endocytosis, we demonstrate that Syt I is necessary for the endocytosis of synaptic vesicles that have undergone exocytosis using a functional Syt I protein.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-563
Number of pages4
Issue number6966
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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