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Syntactic and semantic agreement in Eegimaa (Banjal): an account of lexical hybrids in an African noun class system

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Publication details

JournalStudies in Language
DateAccepted/In press - 2 Mar 2019
DatePublished (current) - 18 Nov 2019
Issue number3
Number of pages42
Pages (from-to)585-627
Original languageEnglish


Typological research on agreement systems recognises syntactic and semantic agreement as the two main types of agreement, with the former considered to be more canonical. An examination of different manifestations of semantic agreement found in the Gújjolaay Eegimaa1 noun class (non sex based gender) system is proposed in this paper from the perspective of Canonical Typology, and the findings are related to the Agreement Hierarchy predictions. The results show that Eegimaa has hybrid nouns and constructional mismatches which trigger semantically based agreement mismatches, both in gender and number between controller nouns and certain targets. This paper shows that Eegimaa has two main subtypes of semantic agreement: human semantic agreement and locative semantic agreement. The data and the analysis proposed here reveal novel results according to which these two types of semantic agreement behave differently in relation to the Agreement Hierarchy.

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    Research areas

  • Agreement, Gender, Syntactic agreement, semantic agreement, Noun class, Lexical hybrids

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