By the same authors

Systematic observation: changes and continuities over time

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Standard

Systematic observation : changes and continuities over time. / Hardman, Frank Christopher; Hardman , Jan.

Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms: Past, present and future visions. ed. / R. Maclean. Springer, 2017. p. 123-137.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Harvard

Hardman, FC & Hardman , J 2017, Systematic observation: changes and continuities over time. in R Maclean (ed.), Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms: Past, present and future visions. Springer, pp. 123-137.

APA

Hardman, F. C., & Hardman , J. (2017). Systematic observation: changes and continuities over time. In R. Maclean (Ed.), Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms: Past, present and future visions (pp. 123-137). Springer.

Vancouver

Hardman FC, Hardman J. Systematic observation: changes and continuities over time. In Maclean R, editor, Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms: Past, present and future visions. Springer. 2017. p. 123-137

Author

Hardman, Frank Christopher ; Hardman , Jan. / Systematic observation : changes and continuities over time. Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms: Past, present and future visions. editor / R. Maclean. Springer, 2017. pp. 123-137

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{1e98f866316142e390fd77086fda4182,
title = "Systematic observation: changes and continuities over time",
abstract = "Systematic observation of classrooms has a long and interesting history. This chapter presents a review of systematic observation that has been used as a research tool to study classrooms for the last 100 years. The methods of data collection and analysis used in the studies are described and discussed, with changes and continuities over time highlighted. The chapter argues that systematic observation of classroom practices has made an important contribution to our understanding of educational processes by enabling the study of pedagogic process in the naturalistic setting of the classroom. Such research has provided detailed and precise evidence about the extent to which educational innovations and policy reforms have resulted in changes in classroom practices and pupil learning outcomes. The chapter concludes with some comments on the current state of development in the field of systematic classroom observation and on ways in which it might usefully develop over the coming years.",
keywords = "Classroom discourse, Classroom interaction, Mixed methods, Systematic observation",
author = "Hardman, {Frank Christopher} and Jan Hardman",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
pages = "123--137",
editor = "R. Maclean",
booktitle = "Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - Systematic observation

T2 - changes and continuities over time

AU - Hardman, Frank Christopher

AU - Hardman , Jan

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Systematic observation of classrooms has a long and interesting history. This chapter presents a review of systematic observation that has been used as a research tool to study classrooms for the last 100 years. The methods of data collection and analysis used in the studies are described and discussed, with changes and continuities over time highlighted. The chapter argues that systematic observation of classroom practices has made an important contribution to our understanding of educational processes by enabling the study of pedagogic process in the naturalistic setting of the classroom. Such research has provided detailed and precise evidence about the extent to which educational innovations and policy reforms have resulted in changes in classroom practices and pupil learning outcomes. The chapter concludes with some comments on the current state of development in the field of systematic classroom observation and on ways in which it might usefully develop over the coming years.

AB - Systematic observation of classrooms has a long and interesting history. This chapter presents a review of systematic observation that has been used as a research tool to study classrooms for the last 100 years. The methods of data collection and analysis used in the studies are described and discussed, with changes and continuities over time highlighted. The chapter argues that systematic observation of classroom practices has made an important contribution to our understanding of educational processes by enabling the study of pedagogic process in the naturalistic setting of the classroom. Such research has provided detailed and precise evidence about the extent to which educational innovations and policy reforms have resulted in changes in classroom practices and pupil learning outcomes. The chapter concludes with some comments on the current state of development in the field of systematic classroom observation and on ways in which it might usefully develop over the coming years.

KW - Classroom discourse

KW - Classroom interaction

KW - Mixed methods

KW - Systematic observation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060085431&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SP - 123

EP - 137

BT - Handbook on Life in Schools and Classrooms

A2 - Maclean, R.

PB - Springer

ER -