## Abstract

We present a general procedure for obtaining progressively more accurate functional expressions for the electron self-energy by iterative solution of Hedin's coupled equations. The iterative process starting from Hartree theory, which gives rise to the GW approximation, is continued further, and an explicit formula for the vertex function from the second full cycle is given. Calculated excitation energies for a Hubbard Hamiltonian demonstrate the convergence of the iterative process and provide further strong justification for the GW approximation.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1702-1705 |

Number of pages | 3 |

Journal | Physical Review Letters |

Volume | 80 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 23 Jan 1998 |