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Temperament Systems Influence Emotion Induction but not Makam Recognition Performance in Turkish Makam Music

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JournalPsychology of Music
DateAccepted/In press - 4 Mar 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 10 Jun 2020
Early online date10/06/20
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We tested how induced emotions and Turkish makam recognition are influenced by participation in an ear training classes, and if either is influenced by the temperament system employed. The ear training class was attended by 19 music students and was based on the Hicaz makam presented as a between-subjects factor in either unfamiliar Turkish Original Temperament (OT, pitches unequally divided into 24 intervals) or familiar Western Equal Temperament (ET, pitches equally divided into 12 intervals). Before the and after the class, participants listened to 20 music excerpts from five different Turkish makams (in both OT and ET versions). Emotion-induction was assessed via GEMS-25, and participants were also asked to identify the makam that was present in the excerpt. The unfamiliar original temperament was experienced as less vital and more uneasy before the ear training class, and recognition of the Hicaz makam increased after ear training classes (independent of the temperament system employed). Results suggest that unfamiliar temperament systems are experienced as less vital and more uneasy. Furthermore, being exposed to this temperament system for just one hour does not seem to be enough to change participants’ mental representations of it or their emotional responses to it.

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