The Biorefinery Concept: An Integrated Approach

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Publication details

Title of host publicationIntroduction to Chemicals from Biomass
DatePublished - 26 Dec 2014
Number of pages30
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)9781118714478
ISBN (Print)9781118714485


An ideal renewable resource is one that can be replenished over a relatively short timescale or is essentially limitless in supply. Improved resource utilisation can positively influence the profits of industry as well as enable new companies to start up, produce new growth and expand innovation opportunities by moving towards the ultimate sustainability goal of a zero-waste circular economy. Green chemistry emerged in the 1990s as a movement dedicated to the development of more environmentally benign alternatives to hazardous and wasteful chemical processes as a result of the increased awareness in industry of the costs of waste and of government regulations requiring cleaner chemical manufacturing. Three different types of biorefinery have been described in the literature: Phase I biorefinery (single feedstock, single process and single major product), Phase II biorefinery (single feedstock, multiple processes and multiple major products) and Phase III biorefinery (multiple feedstocks, multiple processes and multiple major products).

    Research areas

  • Biorefinery, Government regulations, Green chemistry, Renewable resource

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