The Biorefinery Concept-An Integrated Approach

James H. Clark*, Fabien E.I. Deswarte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntroduction to Chemicals from Biomass
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780470058053
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2008


  • Biorefinery concept-an integrated approach
  • Dematerialisation and transmaterialisation
  • Developing cost-effective infrastructure
  • Ecosystem services - coupled and ecological social systems
  • Green biorefinery - phase III biorefinery
  • Petrorefinery vs. biorefinery
  • Phase III biorefineries - advanced biorefinery types
  • Renewable and non-renewable resources
  • Sustainable development

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