The effectiveness of self-management support interventions for men with long-term conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Paul Galdas, Jennifer Fell, Peter Bower, Lisa Kidd, Christian Blickem, Kerri McPherson, Kate Hunt, Simon Gilbody, Gerry Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of self-management support interventions in men with long-term conditions.

METHODS: A quantitative systematic review with meta-analysis.

DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was searched to identify published reviews of self-management support interventions. Relevant reviews were screened to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of self-management support interventions conducted in men alone, or which analysed the effects of interventions by sex.

REVIEW METHODS: Data on relevant outcomes, patient populations, intervention type and study quality were extracted. Quality appraisal was conducted using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. Meta-analysis was conducted to compare the effects of interventions in men, women, and mixed-sex sub-groups.

RESULTS: 40 RCTs of self-management support interventions in men, and 20 eligible RCTs where an analysis by sex was reported, were included in the review. Meta-analysis suggested that physical activity, education, and peer support-based interventions have a positive impact on quality of life in men. However, there is currently insufficient evidence to make strong statements about whether self-management support interventions show larger, similar or smaller effects in men compared with women and mixed-sex groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians may wish to consider whether certain types of self-management support (eg, physical activity, education, peer support) are particularly effective in men, although more research is needed to fully determine and explore this.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere006620
Number of pages14
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2015

Bibliographical note

Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

Cite this