By the same authors

The Evolution of Real-Time Programming Revisited: Programming the Giotto Model in Ada 2005

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper



Publication details

DatePublished - 2010
Original languageUndefined/Unknown


Kirsch and Segunupta in a recent paper have argued that several generations of real-time programming models for use in digital control systems can be identified: the Physical-Execution Time (PET) model, the Bounded-Execution-Time (BET) model, the Zero-Execution Time (ZET) model and the Logical-Execution-Time (LET) model. They classify Ada as belonging to the BET model and claim that a LET model, as supported by the Giotto language, is superior. Whilst historically one can recognise different approaches to programming real-time systems, this paper refutes the argument that general-purpose real-time languages like Ada (or Real-Time Java) neatly slot into a BET model. Instead, we suggest that the real issue that the LET model addresses is the ability of a programming model to give composable abstractions that allow programs to have bounded input and output jitter. Languages like Ada (and many real-time operating systems) have mechanisms that easily allow this to be achieved. Using Ada as an example, we show two different ways. Each of which has advantages and disadvantages.

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