The evolutionary history of dogs in the Americas

M Ní Leathlobhair, A R Perri, E K Irving-Pease, K E Witt, Anna Linderholm, J Haile, Ophélie Lebrasseur, Carly Ameen , J Blick, A R Boyko, Selina Brace, Y N Cortes, S J Crockford , A Devault, E A Dimopoulos, M Eldridge, J Enk , S Gopalakrishnan, K Gori, V GrimesEric Guiry, A J Hansen, Ardern Hulme-Beaman, J Johnson, A Kitchen, A K Kasparov, Y M Kwon, P A Nikolskiy, C P Lope, Aurelie Ophelie Manin, T Martin, M Meyer, K N Myers, M Omura, J M Rouillard, E Y Pavlova, P Sciulli, M S Sinding, A Strakova, V V Ivanova, C Widga, E Willerslev, V V Pitulko, I Barnes, MTP Gilbert, K M Dobney, Ripan S Malhi, E P Murchison, Greger Larson, Laurent Frantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dogs were present in the Americas before the arrival of European colonists, but the origin and fate of these precontact dogs are largely unknown. We sequenced 71 mitochondrial and 7 nuclear genomes from ancient North American and Siberian dogs from time frames spanning ~9000 years. Our analysis indicates that American dogs were not derived from North American wolves. Instead, American dogs form a monophyletic lineage that likely originated in Siberia and dispersed into the Americas alongside people. After the arrival of Europeans, native American dogs almost completely disappeared, leaving a minimal genetic legacy in modern dog populations. The closest detectable extant lineage to precontact American dogs is the canine transmissible venereal tumor, a contagious cancer clone derived from an individual dog that lived up to 8000 years ago.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume361
Issue number6397
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2018

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  • Data from: The evolutionary history of dogs in the Americas

    Leathlobhair, M. N. (Creator), Perri, A. R. (Creator), Irving-Pease, E. K. (Creator), Witt, K. E. (Creator), Linderholm, A. (Creator), Haile, J. (Creator), Lebrasseur, O. (Creator), Ameen, C. (Creator), Blick, J. (Creator), Boyko, A. R. (Creator), Brace, S. (Creator), Nunes Cortes, Y. (Creator), Crockford, S. J. (Creator), Devault, A. (Creator), Dimopoulos, E. A. (Creator), Eldridge, M. (Creator), Enk, J. (Creator), Gopalakrishnan, S. (Creator), Gori, K. (Creator), Grimes, V. (Creator), Guiry, E. (Creator), Hansen, A. J. (Creator), Hulme-Beaman, A. (Creator), Johnson, J. (Creator), Kitchen, A. (Creator), Kasparov, A. K. (Creator), Kwon, Y. (Creator), Nikolskiy, P. A. (Creator), Peraza Lope, C. (Creator), Manin, A. (Creator), Martin, T. (Creator), Meyer, M. (Creator), Noack Myers, K. (Creator), Omura, M. (Creator), Rouillard, J. (Creator), Pavlova, E. Y. (Creator), Sciulli, P. (Creator), Mikkel-Holger, S. S. (Creator), Strakova, A. (Creator), Ivanova, V. V. (Creator), Widga, C. (Creator), Willerslev, E. (Creator), Pitulko, V. V. (Creator), Barnes, I. (Creator), Gilbert, M. T. P. (Creator), Dobney, K. M. (Creator), Malhi, R. S. (Creator), Murchison, E. P. (Creator), Larson, G. (Creator), Frantz, L. A. F. (Creator) & Team, U. L. R. D. (Contributor), Borealis, 20 May 2021

    Dataset

  • Data from: The evolutionary history of dogs in the Americas

    Leathlobhair, M. N. (Creator), Perri, A. R. (Creator), Irving-Pease, E. K. (Creator), Witt, K. E. (Creator), Linderholm, A. (Creator), Haile, J. (Creator), Lebrasseur, O. (Creator), Ameen, C. (Creator), Blick, J. (Creator), Boyko, A. R. (Creator), Brace, S. (Creator), Nunes Cortes, Y. (Creator), Crockford, S. J. (Creator), Devault, A. (Creator), Dimopoulos, E. A. (Creator), Eldridge, M. (Creator), Enk, J. (Creator), Gopalakrishnan, S. (Creator), Gori, K. (Creator), Grimes, V. (Creator), Guiry, E. (Creator), Hansen, A. J. (Creator), Hulme-Beaman, A. (Creator), Johnson, J. (Creator), Kitchen, A. (Creator), Kasparov, A. K. (Creator), Kwon, Y. (Creator), Nikolskiy, P. A. (Creator), Peraza Lope, C. (Creator), Manin, A. (Creator), Martin, T. (Creator), Meyer, M. (Creator), Noack Myers, K. (Creator), Omura, M. (Creator), Rouillard, J. (Creator), Pavlova, E. Y. (Creator), Sciulli, P. (Creator), Mikkel-Holger, S. S. (Creator), Strakova, A. (Creator), Ivanova, V. V. (Creator), Widga, C. (Creator), Willerslev, E. (Creator), Pitulko, V. V. (Creator), Barnes, I. (Creator), Gilbert, M. T. P. (Creator), Dobney, K. M. (Creator), Malhi, R. S. (Creator), Murchison, E. P. (Creator), Larson, G. (Creator) & Frantz, L. A. F. (Creator), Dryad, 7 May 2019

    Dataset

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