The Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions of self-affine sponges: a dimension gap result

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DateSubmitted - 27 Apr 2016
DateAccepted/In press (current) - 25 Mar 2017
Number of pages42
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We construct a self-affine sponge in R^3 whose dynamical dimension, i.e. the supremum of the Hausdorff dimensions of its invariant measures, is strictly less than its Hausdorff dimension. This resolves a long-standing open problem in the dimension theory of dynamical systems, namely whether every expanding repeller has an ergodic invariant measure of full Hausdorff dimension. More generally we compute the Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions of a large class of self-affine sponges, a problem that previous techniques could only solve in two dimensions. The Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions depend continuously on the iterated function system defining the sponge, implying that sponges with a dimension gap represent a nonempty open subset of the parameter space.

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