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From the same journal

The impact of mandatory waiting periods on abortion-related outcomes: a synthesis of legal and health evidence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Fiona de Londras
  • Amanda Cleeve
  • Maria I Rodriguez
  • Alana Farrell
  • Magdalena Furgalska
  • Antonella Lavelanet


Publication details

JournalPublic Health
DateAccepted/In press - 9 Jun 2022
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 21 Jun 2022
Number of pages13
Early online date21/06/22
Original languageEnglish


This review follows an established methodology for integrating human rights to address knowledge gaps related to the health and non-health outcomes of mandatory waiting periods (MWPs) for access to abortion. MWP is a requirement imposed by law, policy, or practice, to wait a specified amount of time between requesting and receiving abortion care. Recognizing that MWPs “demean[] women as competent decision-makers”, the World Health Organization recommends against MWPs. International human rights bodies have similarly encouraged states to repeal and not to introduce MWPs, which they recognize as operating as barriers to accessing sexual and reproductive healthcare. This review of 34 studies published between 2010 and 2021, together with international human rights law, establishes the health and non-health harms of MWPs for people seeking abortion, including delayed abortion, opportunity costs, and disproportionate impact. Impacts on abortion providers include increased workloads and system costs

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2022

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