By the same authors

From the same journal

The influence of adverse reactions, subjective distress, and anxiety on retention of first-time blood donors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

JournalTransfusion Medicine
DatePublished - Feb 2013
Issue number2
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)337-43
Original languageEnglish


BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of adverse events (i.e., needle reactions, fatigue, and vasovagal reactions) and feelings of distress and anxiety on retention of first-time blood donors. All effects were explored separately for men and women.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: First-time blood donors (n = 2438) received a questionnaire, asking them about their experience of adverse events, subjective distress, and anxiety at their first donation. Provision of a second donation was checked approximately 18 months later. After exclusion of nonresponders and donors who did not experience an adverse event, 1278 first-time donors were included in the logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: Nine percent of donors who experienced an adverse event at their first donation did not return for a second donation. Vasovagal reactions decreased retention in both males and females (men-odds ratio [OR], 0.45; 95% CI, 0.23-0.89; women-OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-0.98). Fatigue decreased retention in males only (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.42-0.91), and subjective distress decreased retention in females only (OR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.65-0.92).

CONCLUSION: In addition to decreasing vasovagal reactions, retention interventions could productively target coping with fatigue and reducing subjective distress after adverse reactions.

    Research areas

  • Adult, Algorithms, Anxiety/complications, Blood Donors/psychology, Fatigue/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Needles/adverse effects, Patient Participation/psychology, Phlebotomy/adverse effects, Risk Factors, Stress, Psychological/complications, Surveys and Questionnaires, Syncope, Vasovagal/complications

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations