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The Milan Campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface

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The Milan Campaign : Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface. / Stolle, Christian; Ribas-Ribas, Mariana; Badewien, Thomas H.; Barnes, Jonathan; Carpenter, Lucy J.; Chance, Rosie; Damgaard, Lars Riis; Quesada, Ana María Durán; Engel, Anja; Frka, Sanja; Galgani, Luisa; Gašparović, Blaženka; Gerriets, Michaela; Mustaffa, Nur Ili Hamizah; Herrmann, Hartmut; Kallajoki, Liisa; Pereira, Ryan; Radach, Franziska; Revsbech, Niels Peter; Rickard, Philippa; Saint, Adam; Salter, Matthew; Striebel, Maren; Triesch, Nadja; Uher, Guenther; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; van Pinxteren, Manuela; Zäncker, Birthe; Zieger, Paul; Wurl, Oliver.

In: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 101, No. 2, 05.03.2020, p. E146-E166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Stolle, C, Ribas-Ribas, M, Badewien, TH, Barnes, J, Carpenter, LJ, Chance, R, Damgaard, LR, Quesada, AMD, Engel, A, Frka, S, Galgani, L, Gašparović, B, Gerriets, M, Mustaffa, NIH, Herrmann, H, Kallajoki, L, Pereira, R, Radach, F, Revsbech, NP, Rickard, P, Saint, A, Salter, M, Striebel, M, Triesch, N, Uher, G, Upstill-Goddard, RC, van Pinxteren, M, Zäncker, B, Zieger, P & Wurl, O 2020, 'The Milan Campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. E146-E166. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1

APA

Stolle, C., Ribas-Ribas, M., Badewien, T. H., Barnes, J., Carpenter, L. J., Chance, R., Damgaard, L. R., Quesada, A. M. D., Engel, A., Frka, S., Galgani, L., Gašparović, B., Gerriets, M., Mustaffa, N. I. H., Herrmann, H., Kallajoki, L., Pereira, R., Radach, F., Revsbech, N. P., ... Wurl, O. (2020). The Milan Campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(2), E146-E166. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1

Vancouver

Stolle C, Ribas-Ribas M, Badewien TH, Barnes J, Carpenter LJ, Chance R et al. The Milan Campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2020 Mar 5;101(2):E146-E166. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1

Author

Stolle, Christian ; Ribas-Ribas, Mariana ; Badewien, Thomas H. ; Barnes, Jonathan ; Carpenter, Lucy J. ; Chance, Rosie ; Damgaard, Lars Riis ; Quesada, Ana María Durán ; Engel, Anja ; Frka, Sanja ; Galgani, Luisa ; Gašparović, Blaženka ; Gerriets, Michaela ; Mustaffa, Nur Ili Hamizah ; Herrmann, Hartmut ; Kallajoki, Liisa ; Pereira, Ryan ; Radach, Franziska ; Revsbech, Niels Peter ; Rickard, Philippa ; Saint, Adam ; Salter, Matthew ; Striebel, Maren ; Triesch, Nadja ; Uher, Guenther ; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C. ; van Pinxteren, Manuela ; Zäncker, Birthe ; Zieger, Paul ; Wurl, Oliver. / The Milan Campaign : Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface. In: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2020 ; Vol. 101, No. 2. pp. E146-E166.

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@article{5c2e692cc0b14d46bbc8f21222236421,
title = "The Milan Campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface",
abstract = "The sea surface microlayer (SML) at the air–sea interface is <1 mm thick, but it is physically, chemically, and biologically distinct from the underlying water and the atmosphere above. Wind-driven turbulence and solar radiation are important drivers of SML physical and biogeochemical properties. Given that the SML is involved in all air–sea exchanges of mass and energy, its response to solar radiation, especially in relation to how it regulates the air–sea exchange of climate-relevant gases and aerosols, is surprisingly poorly characterized. MILAN (Sea Surface Microlayer at Night) was an international, multidisciplinary campaign designed to specifically address this issue. In spring 2017, we deployed diverse sampling platforms (research vessels, radio-controlled catamaran, free-drifting buoy) to study full diel cycles in the coastal North Sea SML and in underlying water, and installed a land-based aerosol sampler. We also carried out concurrent ex situ experiments using several microsensors, a laboratory gas exchange tank, a solar simulator, and a sea spray simulation chamber. In this paper we outline the diversity of approaches employed and some initial results obtained during MILAN. Our observations of diel SML variability show, for example, an influence of (i) changing solar radiation on the quantity and quality of organic material and (ii) diel changes in wind intensity primarily forcing air–sea CO2 exchange. Thus, MILAN underlines the value and the need of multidiciplinary campaigns for integrating SML complexity into the context of air–sea interaction.",
author = "Christian Stolle and Mariana Ribas-Ribas and Badewien, {Thomas H.} and Jonathan Barnes and Carpenter, {Lucy J.} and Rosie Chance and Damgaard, {Lars Riis} and Quesada, {Ana Mar{\'i}a Dur{\'a}n} and Anja Engel and Sanja Frka and Luisa Galgani and Bla{\v z}enka Ga{\v s}parovi{\'c} and Michaela Gerriets and Mustaffa, {Nur Ili Hamizah} and Hartmut Herrmann and Liisa Kallajoki and Ryan Pereira and Franziska Radach and Revsbech, {Niels Peter} and Philippa Rickard and Adam Saint and Matthew Salter and Maren Striebel and Nadja Triesch and Guenther Uher and Upstill-Goddard, {Robert C.} and {van Pinxteren}, Manuela and Birthe Z{\"a}ncker and Paul Zieger and Oliver Wurl",
note = "{\textcopyright}2020 American Meteorological Society. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher{\textquoteright}s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "5",
doi = "10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "E146--E166",
journal = "Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society",
issn = "0003-0007",
publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Milan Campaign

T2 - Studying diel light effects on the air–sea interface

AU - Stolle, Christian

AU - Ribas-Ribas, Mariana

AU - Badewien, Thomas H.

AU - Barnes, Jonathan

AU - Carpenter, Lucy J.

AU - Chance, Rosie

AU - Damgaard, Lars Riis

AU - Quesada, Ana María Durán

AU - Engel, Anja

AU - Frka, Sanja

AU - Galgani, Luisa

AU - Gašparović, Blaženka

AU - Gerriets, Michaela

AU - Mustaffa, Nur Ili Hamizah

AU - Herrmann, Hartmut

AU - Kallajoki, Liisa

AU - Pereira, Ryan

AU - Radach, Franziska

AU - Revsbech, Niels Peter

AU - Rickard, Philippa

AU - Saint, Adam

AU - Salter, Matthew

AU - Striebel, Maren

AU - Triesch, Nadja

AU - Uher, Guenther

AU - Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.

AU - van Pinxteren, Manuela

AU - Zäncker, Birthe

AU - Zieger, Paul

AU - Wurl, Oliver

N1 - ©2020 American Meteorological Society. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details.

PY - 2020/3/5

Y1 - 2020/3/5

N2 - The sea surface microlayer (SML) at the air–sea interface is <1 mm thick, but it is physically, chemically, and biologically distinct from the underlying water and the atmosphere above. Wind-driven turbulence and solar radiation are important drivers of SML physical and biogeochemical properties. Given that the SML is involved in all air–sea exchanges of mass and energy, its response to solar radiation, especially in relation to how it regulates the air–sea exchange of climate-relevant gases and aerosols, is surprisingly poorly characterized. MILAN (Sea Surface Microlayer at Night) was an international, multidisciplinary campaign designed to specifically address this issue. In spring 2017, we deployed diverse sampling platforms (research vessels, radio-controlled catamaran, free-drifting buoy) to study full diel cycles in the coastal North Sea SML and in underlying water, and installed a land-based aerosol sampler. We also carried out concurrent ex situ experiments using several microsensors, a laboratory gas exchange tank, a solar simulator, and a sea spray simulation chamber. In this paper we outline the diversity of approaches employed and some initial results obtained during MILAN. Our observations of diel SML variability show, for example, an influence of (i) changing solar radiation on the quantity and quality of organic material and (ii) diel changes in wind intensity primarily forcing air–sea CO2 exchange. Thus, MILAN underlines the value and the need of multidiciplinary campaigns for integrating SML complexity into the context of air–sea interaction.

AB - The sea surface microlayer (SML) at the air–sea interface is <1 mm thick, but it is physically, chemically, and biologically distinct from the underlying water and the atmosphere above. Wind-driven turbulence and solar radiation are important drivers of SML physical and biogeochemical properties. Given that the SML is involved in all air–sea exchanges of mass and energy, its response to solar radiation, especially in relation to how it regulates the air–sea exchange of climate-relevant gases and aerosols, is surprisingly poorly characterized. MILAN (Sea Surface Microlayer at Night) was an international, multidisciplinary campaign designed to specifically address this issue. In spring 2017, we deployed diverse sampling platforms (research vessels, radio-controlled catamaran, free-drifting buoy) to study full diel cycles in the coastal North Sea SML and in underlying water, and installed a land-based aerosol sampler. We also carried out concurrent ex situ experiments using several microsensors, a laboratory gas exchange tank, a solar simulator, and a sea spray simulation chamber. In this paper we outline the diversity of approaches employed and some initial results obtained during MILAN. Our observations of diel SML variability show, for example, an influence of (i) changing solar radiation on the quantity and quality of organic material and (ii) diel changes in wind intensity primarily forcing air–sea CO2 exchange. Thus, MILAN underlines the value and the need of multidiciplinary campaigns for integrating SML complexity into the context of air–sea interaction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85082174910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1

DO - 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0329.1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85082174910

VL - 101

SP - E146-E166

JO - Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

JF - Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

SN - 0003-0007

IS - 2

ER -