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The molecular basis of plant cell wall extension

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JournalPlant Molecular Biology
DatePublished - 2001
Issue number1-2
Volume47
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)179-195
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In all terrestrial and aquatic plant species the primary cell wall is a dynamic structure, adjusted to fulfil a diversity of functions. However a universal property is its considerable mechanical and tensile strength, whilst being flexible enough to accommodate turgor and allow for cell elongation. The wall is a composite material consisting of a framework of cellulose microfibrils embedded in a matrix of non-cellulosic polysaccharides, interlaced with structural proteins and pectic polymers. The assembly and modification of these polymers within the growing cell wall has, until recently, been poorly understood. Advances in cytological and genetic techniques have thrown light on these processes and have led to the discovery of a number of wall-modifying enzymes which, either directly or indirectly, play a role in the molecular basis of cell wall expansion.

    Research areas

  • expansion, plant cell wall, rigidification, structural components, wall-modifying enzymes, DEEP-WATER RICE, XYLOGLUCAN ENDOTRANSGLYCOSYLASE ACTIVITY, EXPANSIN GENE, IN-VITRO, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, MAIZE COLEOPTILES, TOMATO FRUIT, ENDOXYLOGLUCAN TRANSFERASE, AGROBACTERIUM-TUMEFACIENS, ENDO-TRANSGLYCOSYLASE

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