The New Virtuality: A Video Essay on the Disappearing Differences Between Real and Unreal

Jenna Pei-Suin Ng, Oliver Tomkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The video essay’s starting point is to explore the implications of highly realistic images that appear, interact and socialise with human users, often seemingly “live” in real-time. Usually created with imaging technologies such as holographic projection or virtual reality (VR) and often boosted with AI and machine learning, these images radically break down boundaries between virtual and actual realities, truth and fakery, real and unreal.

The essay’s research questions interrogate these new/renewed confrontations between viewer and image: what is the state of reality out of media that so freely and near-seamlessly mix virtuality and actuality? How do we express and make sense of this reality? How does it change the image’s relations to truth? How does it relate to the wider contexts of mis/disinformation and deepfakes that colour contemporary times?
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Cite this