The production of furfural directly from hemicellulose in lignocellulosic biomass: A review

Yiping Luo, Zheng Li, Xiaoling Li, Xiaofeng Liu, Jiajun Fan*, James H. Clark, Changwei Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As one main component of lignocellulosic biomass, hemicellulose is a promising alternative for the replacement of limited fossil resources to produce furfural, thus preserving a high atom efficiency. However, the complex structure of hemicellulose and the interaction between the other two components in lignocellulosic biomass (cellulose and lignin) make the effective utilization of naturally formed structure of hemicellulose challenging. This review presents an overview of the production of furfural directly from hemicellulose in lignocellulosic biomass with special emphasis on achieving the effective utilization of hemicellulose, which includes the selective dissolution of hemicellulose from lignocellulosic biomass and the selective formation of furfural from hemicellulose derivatives. Whereas the cellulose and lignin structures are retained, which can be utilized separately. Solvents and catalysts are considered as two main factors in this valorization process of hemicellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalCatalysis Today
Early online date5 Jul 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jul 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Biomass
  • Catalysts
  • Furfural
  • Hemicellulose
  • Solvents

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