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The production of furfural directly from hemicellulose in lignocellulosic biomass: A review

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JournalCatalysis Today
DateAccepted/In press - 28 Jun 2018
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 5 Jul 2018
Number of pages11
Early online date5/07/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

As one main component of lignocellulosic biomass, hemicellulose is a promising alternative for the replacement of limited fossil resources to produce furfural, thus preserving a high atom efficiency. However, the complex structure of hemicellulose and the interaction between the other two components in lignocellulosic biomass (cellulose and lignin) make the effective utilization of naturally formed structure of hemicellulose challenging. This review presents an overview of the production of furfural directly from hemicellulose in lignocellulosic biomass with special emphasis on achieving the effective utilization of hemicellulose, which includes the selective dissolution of hemicellulose from lignocellulosic biomass and the selective formation of furfural from hemicellulose derivatives. Whereas the cellulose and lignin structures are retained, which can be utilized separately. Solvents and catalysts are considered as two main factors in this valorization process of hemicellulose.

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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.

    Research areas

  • Biomass, Catalysts, Furfural, Hemicellulose, Solvents

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