By the same authors

From the same journal

The pronoun attraction effect for D(iscourse)-linked phrases: Evidence from speakers of a null subject language

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Publication details

JournalJournal of psycholinguistic research
DatePublished - Jul 2004
Issue number4
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)303-319
Original languageEnglish


Frazier and Clifton (2002) argue that a d(iscourse)-linked wh-phrase such as which boy attracts the reference of a pronoun in a subordinate clause. We translated Frazier and Clifton's materials from English into Romanian. Romanian is a pro-drop language in which null subjects are licensed by person and number agreement on the verb. We found that the d-linking attraction effect held for both pro and overt pronouns in Romanian. The fact that the effect is found for pro provides evidence that the attraction effect is not due to gender matching between the pronoun and the head of the d-linked phrase. We also tested native speakers of Romanian learning English as a second language on Frazier and Clifton's English materials. Levels of coreference were highly similar to those for English native speakers and intermediate and advanced learners showed the d-linking attraction effect. We discuss the results in the context of Carminati's (2002) Position of Antecedent Hypothesis, arguing that this hypothesis can account for both the fact that higher levels of coreference with a wh-phrase antecedent were found for pro than for an overt pronoun in Romanian and the fact that the coreference levels between an overt pronoun and the wh-phrase antecedent were not elevated for Romanian-speaking second language learners of English.

    Research areas

  • d(iscourse)-linking, null subject language, pronoun attraction effect, position of antecedent hypothesis

Discover related content

Find related publications, people, projects, datasets and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations