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The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD: a rapid evidence synthesis

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The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD : a rapid evidence synthesis. / Dalton, Jane Elizabeth; Thomas, Elizabeth Wendy Sian; Melton, Hollie Anne; Eastwood, Alison Jane; Harden, Melissa.

In: Health Services and Delivery Research, Vol. 6, No. 11, 02.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Harvard

Dalton, JE, Thomas, EWS, Melton, HA, Eastwood, AJ & Harden, M 2018, 'The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD: a rapid evidence synthesis', Health Services and Delivery Research, vol. 6, no. 11. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06110

APA

Dalton, J. E., Thomas, E. W. S., Melton, H. A., Eastwood, A. J., & Harden, M. (2018). The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD: a rapid evidence synthesis. Health Services and Delivery Research, 6(11). https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06110

Vancouver

Dalton JE, Thomas EWS, Melton HA, Eastwood AJ, Harden M. The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD: a rapid evidence synthesis. Health Services and Delivery Research. 2018 Mar 2;6(11). https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06110

Author

Dalton, Jane Elizabeth ; Thomas, Elizabeth Wendy Sian ; Melton, Hollie Anne ; Eastwood, Alison Jane ; Harden, Melissa. / The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD : a rapid evidence synthesis. In: Health Services and Delivery Research. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 11.

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@article{be34e24c44d249e5be1a63772151bd65,
title = "The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD: a rapid evidence synthesis",
abstract = "BackgroundOur research arises from anticipated increases in demand for psychological trauma services in the UK, with particular reference to armed forces veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Commissioning and service provider activity to improve veterans’ health is evolving.ObjectivesTo explore what UK services exist and establish potentially effective models of care and effective treatments for armed forces veterans with PTSD.DesignA four-stage rapid evidence synthesis comprising information gathering on UK service provision; an evidence review on models of care; a metareview on treatment effectiveness; and a synthesis highlighting research priorities.SettingFor the evidence reviews, any setting that was relevant to the UK health and social care system.ParticipantsUK armed forces veterans with PTSD following repeated exposure to traumatic events.InterventionsAny model of care or treatment.Main outcome measuresAny relevant outcome.Data sourcesInformation about current UK practice. Searches of databases [including MEDLINE, PsycINFO and PILOTS (Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress)], guidelines and relevant websites, up to November 2016.Review methodsWe screened titles and abstracts using EPPI-Reviewer 4 (EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK) and EndNote X7 [Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters), Philadelphia, PA, USA]. Decisions to include papers were made by two reviewers independently. We conducted a narrative synthesis of research literature on models of care and on treatments, guided by information from UK practice. In our evidence reviews, we assessed (when appropriate) the quality of included studies using established criteria. To help interpret our findings, we consulted recently published public and patient involvement data, a veteran service user and experts with academic, military and commissioning backgrounds.ResultsWe gathered information about current UK practice. Sixty-one studies were included in the rapid evidence review on models of care and seven systematic reviews in the rapid metareview of treatments. The quality of evidence in both evidence reviews was limited. Promising models of care from more robust studies (three randomised controlled trials and one qualitative study) were collaborative arrangements and community outreach for improving intervention access and uptake; integrated mental health services and behavioural intervention on increased smoking abstinence; and peer support as an acceptable complement to PTSD treatment. A poor fit was noted between the research literature and UK service provision. Promising treatments were psychosocial interventions (eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, cognitive processing therapy, trauma-focused and exposure-based intervention) and pharmacotherapy (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics) for improving PTSD and mental health symptoms.LimitationsThe literature pool was larger than anticipated. Evidence for potentially effective models of care and potentially effective treatments is limited in quality and quantity. Although we aimed for a comprehensive evidence synthesis, pragmatic decisions in searching, screening and inclusion of studies may mean that relevant studies were overlooked.ConclusionsThere is tentative support for the effectiveness of some models of care and certain treatments currently delivered in UK practice. Our findings are timely for commissioners and service providers when developing present activity in veterans’ health care.Future workWe report potential implications for future health-care practice, including early intervention for veterans transitioning from military life, improving general practitioners’ knowledge about services, implementing needs-based service design and tackling wider-system challenges. Regarding potential areas of future research, we have identified the need for more-robust (and longer) evaluative studies in the UK setting.FundingThe National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research programme.",
author = "Dalton, {Jane Elizabeth} and Thomas, {Elizabeth Wendy Sian} and Melton, {Hollie Anne} and Eastwood, {Alison Jane} and Melissa Harden",
note = "{\circledC} Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2018. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3310/hsdr06110",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Health Services and Delivery Research",
issn = "2050-4349",
number = "11",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The provision of services in the UK for UK armed forces veterans with PTSD

T2 - Health Services and Delivery Research

AU - Dalton, Jane Elizabeth

AU - Thomas, Elizabeth Wendy Sian

AU - Melton, Hollie Anne

AU - Eastwood, Alison Jane

AU - Harden, Melissa

N1 - © Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2018. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. Further copying may not be permitted; contact the publisher for details

PY - 2018/3/2

Y1 - 2018/3/2

N2 - BackgroundOur research arises from anticipated increases in demand for psychological trauma services in the UK, with particular reference to armed forces veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Commissioning and service provider activity to improve veterans’ health is evolving.ObjectivesTo explore what UK services exist and establish potentially effective models of care and effective treatments for armed forces veterans with PTSD.DesignA four-stage rapid evidence synthesis comprising information gathering on UK service provision; an evidence review on models of care; a metareview on treatment effectiveness; and a synthesis highlighting research priorities.SettingFor the evidence reviews, any setting that was relevant to the UK health and social care system.ParticipantsUK armed forces veterans with PTSD following repeated exposure to traumatic events.InterventionsAny model of care or treatment.Main outcome measuresAny relevant outcome.Data sourcesInformation about current UK practice. Searches of databases [including MEDLINE, PsycINFO and PILOTS (Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress)], guidelines and relevant websites, up to November 2016.Review methodsWe screened titles and abstracts using EPPI-Reviewer 4 (EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK) and EndNote X7 [Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters), Philadelphia, PA, USA]. Decisions to include papers were made by two reviewers independently. We conducted a narrative synthesis of research literature on models of care and on treatments, guided by information from UK practice. In our evidence reviews, we assessed (when appropriate) the quality of included studies using established criteria. To help interpret our findings, we consulted recently published public and patient involvement data, a veteran service user and experts with academic, military and commissioning backgrounds.ResultsWe gathered information about current UK practice. Sixty-one studies were included in the rapid evidence review on models of care and seven systematic reviews in the rapid metareview of treatments. The quality of evidence in both evidence reviews was limited. Promising models of care from more robust studies (three randomised controlled trials and one qualitative study) were collaborative arrangements and community outreach for improving intervention access and uptake; integrated mental health services and behavioural intervention on increased smoking abstinence; and peer support as an acceptable complement to PTSD treatment. A poor fit was noted between the research literature and UK service provision. Promising treatments were psychosocial interventions (eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, cognitive processing therapy, trauma-focused and exposure-based intervention) and pharmacotherapy (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics) for improving PTSD and mental health symptoms.LimitationsThe literature pool was larger than anticipated. Evidence for potentially effective models of care and potentially effective treatments is limited in quality and quantity. Although we aimed for a comprehensive evidence synthesis, pragmatic decisions in searching, screening and inclusion of studies may mean that relevant studies were overlooked.ConclusionsThere is tentative support for the effectiveness of some models of care and certain treatments currently delivered in UK practice. Our findings are timely for commissioners and service providers when developing present activity in veterans’ health care.Future workWe report potential implications for future health-care practice, including early intervention for veterans transitioning from military life, improving general practitioners’ knowledge about services, implementing needs-based service design and tackling wider-system challenges. Regarding potential areas of future research, we have identified the need for more-robust (and longer) evaluative studies in the UK setting.FundingThe National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research programme.

AB - BackgroundOur research arises from anticipated increases in demand for psychological trauma services in the UK, with particular reference to armed forces veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Commissioning and service provider activity to improve veterans’ health is evolving.ObjectivesTo explore what UK services exist and establish potentially effective models of care and effective treatments for armed forces veterans with PTSD.DesignA four-stage rapid evidence synthesis comprising information gathering on UK service provision; an evidence review on models of care; a metareview on treatment effectiveness; and a synthesis highlighting research priorities.SettingFor the evidence reviews, any setting that was relevant to the UK health and social care system.ParticipantsUK armed forces veterans with PTSD following repeated exposure to traumatic events.InterventionsAny model of care or treatment.Main outcome measuresAny relevant outcome.Data sourcesInformation about current UK practice. Searches of databases [including MEDLINE, PsycINFO and PILOTS (Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress)], guidelines and relevant websites, up to November 2016.Review methodsWe screened titles and abstracts using EPPI-Reviewer 4 (EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK) and EndNote X7 [Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters), Philadelphia, PA, USA]. Decisions to include papers were made by two reviewers independently. We conducted a narrative synthesis of research literature on models of care and on treatments, guided by information from UK practice. In our evidence reviews, we assessed (when appropriate) the quality of included studies using established criteria. To help interpret our findings, we consulted recently published public and patient involvement data, a veteran service user and experts with academic, military and commissioning backgrounds.ResultsWe gathered information about current UK practice. Sixty-one studies were included in the rapid evidence review on models of care and seven systematic reviews in the rapid metareview of treatments. The quality of evidence in both evidence reviews was limited. Promising models of care from more robust studies (three randomised controlled trials and one qualitative study) were collaborative arrangements and community outreach for improving intervention access and uptake; integrated mental health services and behavioural intervention on increased smoking abstinence; and peer support as an acceptable complement to PTSD treatment. A poor fit was noted between the research literature and UK service provision. Promising treatments were psychosocial interventions (eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, cognitive processing therapy, trauma-focused and exposure-based intervention) and pharmacotherapy (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics) for improving PTSD and mental health symptoms.LimitationsThe literature pool was larger than anticipated. Evidence for potentially effective models of care and potentially effective treatments is limited in quality and quantity. Although we aimed for a comprehensive evidence synthesis, pragmatic decisions in searching, screening and inclusion of studies may mean that relevant studies were overlooked.ConclusionsThere is tentative support for the effectiveness of some models of care and certain treatments currently delivered in UK practice. Our findings are timely for commissioners and service providers when developing present activity in veterans’ health care.Future workWe report potential implications for future health-care practice, including early intervention for veterans transitioning from military life, improving general practitioners’ knowledge about services, implementing needs-based service design and tackling wider-system challenges. Regarding potential areas of future research, we have identified the need for more-robust (and longer) evaluative studies in the UK setting.FundingThe National Institute for Health Research Health Services and Delivery Research programme.

U2 - 10.3310/hsdr06110

DO - 10.3310/hsdr06110

M3 - Review article

VL - 6

JO - Health Services and Delivery Research

JF - Health Services and Delivery Research

SN - 2050-4349

IS - 11

ER -