By the same authors

From the same journal

The Quantitative Dimensions of Welfare State Change: Macro-Statistical Reform Trajectories Across 21 OECD Countries (1980-2001)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle



Publication details

JournalJournal of Public Administration
DatePublished - 2008
Issue number4
Number of pages57
Pages (from-to)31
Original languageOther


This paper discusses the different welfare reform trajectories in 21 OECD
countries between 1980 and 2001. To account for the multidimensional character of ‘welfare state change’, it explores the dynamics of numerous macro-statistical indicators in three domains: social security expenditure, decommodification/stratification and welfare outcomes – using a total of 12 different indicators (four for each domain). The individual findings for these
domains are integrated into an index of ‘welfare state change’. The empirical findings suggest that notion of broad welfare state retrenchment across the OECD in the last two decades of the 20th century are somewhat overstated. The same is – however – true for the ‘welfare resilience’ thesis. While some countries were indeed retrenched in the course of the observed period of times, others remained stable, while some expanded welfare noticeably. Interestingly, Esping-
Andersen’s (1990) welfare state regimes types do not provide a sufficient explanation of these different reform trajectories.

Bibliographical note

In Chinese.

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