By the same authors

The source of the building stones from the Sagunto Castle archaeological area and its surroundings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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  • Gianni Gallello
  • Mirco Ramacciotti
  • Marco Lezzerini
  • Emilia Hernandez
  • Matias Calvo
  • Angel Morales
  • Agustin Pastor
  • Miguel de la Guardia


Publication details

Title of host publicationAbstract Book CSI XL PISA 2017, EMSLIBS 2017
DateAccepted/In press - 8 Mar 2017
DatePublished (current) - 11 Jun 2017
Place of PublicationPisa
EditorsAlessandro Corozzi
Original languageEnglish


A multidisciplinary study was carried out on the building stones of the masonries belonging to the Castle of Sagunto (Valencia, Spain), an important historical and archeological complex, characterized by several construction phases from the Roman Period to the Modern Ages. For the first time, the stones of the Sagunto Castle have been analysed to determine their chemical, mineralogical and petrographic features, the main physical and mechanical properties, and to understand their decay, use and recycling dynamics in the different building during the entire occupational period. Geochemical and mineralogical analyses employing X-ray fluorescence (XRF), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were carried out together with optical and electronic microscope analysis to observe the stone macro- and micro-structures. The collected data were processed by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to highlight differences among the studied structures. The results show that the stones employed to build Sagunto`s structures during the different historical periods are related to a specific quarried area located nearby Sagunto Castle hill and differences between the studied samples are mostly related to the conservation state of the buildings. Therefore, geochemical analyses confirm the origin of the raw materials, while petrographic and physical analyses have been useful to evaluate the conservation state of the studied Sagunto Castle structures.

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