The STELLA apparatus for particle-Gamma coincidence fusion measurements with nanosecond timing

M. Heine*, S. Courtin, G. Fruet, D. G. Jenkins, L. Morris, D. Montanari, M. Rudigier, P. Adsley, D. Curien, S. Della Negra, J. Lesrel, C. Beck, L. Charles, P. Dené, F. Haas, F. Hammache, G. Heitz, M. Krauth, A. Meyer, Zs PodolyákP. H. Regan, M. Richer, N. de Séréville, C. Stodel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The STELLA (STELlar LAboratory) experimental station for the measurement of deep sub-barrier light heavy-ion fusion cross sections has been installed at the Andromède accelerator at the Institut de Physique Nucléaire, Orsay (France). The setup is designed for the direct experimental determination of heavy-ion fusion cross sections as low as tens of picobarn. The detection concept is based on the coincident measurement of emitted gamma rays with the UK FATIMA (FAst TIMing Array) and evaporated charged particles using a silicon detector array. Key developments relevant to reaching the extreme sub-barrier fusion region are a rotating target mechanism to sustain beam intensities above 10μA, an ultra-high vacuum of 10−8 mbar to prevent carbon built-up and gamma charged-particle timing in the order of nanoseconds sufficient to separate proton and alpha particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Early online date23 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This is an author-produced version of the published paper. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy.


  • Coincidence technique
  • Fusion
  • LaBr self-calibration
  • Proton-alpha separation
  • Rotating target

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