The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Standard

The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network. / Xiang, Huadong ; Dediu, Dan; Roberts, Leah; van Oort, Erik ; Norris, David G; Hagoort, Peter.

Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. ed. / Leah Roberts; Antje Meyer. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. p. 110-130 (The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Harvard

Xiang, H, Dediu, D, Roberts, L, van Oort, E, Norris, DG & Hagoort, P 2012, The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network. in L Roberts & A Meyer (eds), Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 110-130.

APA

Xiang, H., Dediu, D., Roberts, L., van Oort, E., Norris, D. G., & Hagoort, P. (2012). The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network. In L. Roberts, & A. Meyer (Eds.), Individual Differences in Second Language Learning (pp. 110-130). (The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series). Wiley-Blackwell.

Vancouver

Xiang H, Dediu D, Roberts L, van Oort E, Norris DG, Hagoort P. The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network. In Roberts L, Meyer A, editors, Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. Wiley-Blackwell. 2012. p. 110-130. (The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series).

Author

Xiang, Huadong ; Dediu, Dan ; Roberts, Leah ; van Oort, Erik ; Norris, David G ; Hagoort, Peter. / The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network. Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. editor / Leah Roberts ; Antje Meyer. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. pp. 110-130 (The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series).

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{154b2145f9e644d5abff255f3f886e15,
title = "The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network.",
abstract = "In this paper, we report the results of a study on the relationship between individual differences in language learning aptitude and the structural connectivity of language pathways in the adult brain, the first of its kind. We measured four components of language aptitude (vocabulary learning; sound recognition; sound-symbol correspondence; and grammatical inferencing) using the LLAMA language aptitude test (Meara, 2005). Spatial working memory, verbal working memory and IQ were also measured as control factors. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) was employed to investigate the structural connectivity of language pathways in the perisylvian language network. Regression analysis suggested significant correlations between most of these behavioural measures and the structural connectivity of certain language pathways, i.e., grammatical inferencing and the BA45- and BA46-Temporal pathway, sound-symbol correspondence and the inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, vocabulary learning and the BA47-Parietal pathway, IQ and the BA44- and BA-47Parietal pathways, the BA47-Temporal pathway and inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, spatial working memory and the inter-hemispheric BA6 pathway and the BA47-Parietal pathway, and verbal working memory and the BA47-Temporal pathway. These findings provide further insights into the neural underpinnings of the variation in language aptitude of human adults and are discussed in relation to relevant findings in the literature.",
author = "Huadong Xiang and Dan Dediu and Leah Roberts and {van Oort}, Erik and Norris, {David G} and Peter Hagoort",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
series = "The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
pages = "110--130",
editor = "Leah Roberts and Antje Meyer",
booktitle = "Individual Differences in Second Language Learning",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - The structural connectivity underpinning language aptitude, working memory and IQ in the perisylvian language network.

AU - Xiang, Huadong

AU - Dediu, Dan

AU - Roberts, Leah

AU - van Oort, Erik

AU - Norris, David G

AU - Hagoort, Peter

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In this paper, we report the results of a study on the relationship between individual differences in language learning aptitude and the structural connectivity of language pathways in the adult brain, the first of its kind. We measured four components of language aptitude (vocabulary learning; sound recognition; sound-symbol correspondence; and grammatical inferencing) using the LLAMA language aptitude test (Meara, 2005). Spatial working memory, verbal working memory and IQ were also measured as control factors. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) was employed to investigate the structural connectivity of language pathways in the perisylvian language network. Regression analysis suggested significant correlations between most of these behavioural measures and the structural connectivity of certain language pathways, i.e., grammatical inferencing and the BA45- and BA46-Temporal pathway, sound-symbol correspondence and the inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, vocabulary learning and the BA47-Parietal pathway, IQ and the BA44- and BA-47Parietal pathways, the BA47-Temporal pathway and inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, spatial working memory and the inter-hemispheric BA6 pathway and the BA47-Parietal pathway, and verbal working memory and the BA47-Temporal pathway. These findings provide further insights into the neural underpinnings of the variation in language aptitude of human adults and are discussed in relation to relevant findings in the literature.

AB - In this paper, we report the results of a study on the relationship between individual differences in language learning aptitude and the structural connectivity of language pathways in the adult brain, the first of its kind. We measured four components of language aptitude (vocabulary learning; sound recognition; sound-symbol correspondence; and grammatical inferencing) using the LLAMA language aptitude test (Meara, 2005). Spatial working memory, verbal working memory and IQ were also measured as control factors. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) was employed to investigate the structural connectivity of language pathways in the perisylvian language network. Regression analysis suggested significant correlations between most of these behavioural measures and the structural connectivity of certain language pathways, i.e., grammatical inferencing and the BA45- and BA46-Temporal pathway, sound-symbol correspondence and the inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, vocabulary learning and the BA47-Parietal pathway, IQ and the BA44- and BA-47Parietal pathways, the BA47-Temporal pathway and inter-hemispheric BA45 pathway, spatial working memory and the inter-hemispheric BA6 pathway and the BA47-Parietal pathway, and verbal working memory and the BA47-Temporal pathway. These findings provide further insights into the neural underpinnings of the variation in language aptitude of human adults and are discussed in relation to relevant findings in the literature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865277703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

T3 - The Language Learning-Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics Cognitive Neuroscience Series

SP - 110

EP - 130

BT - Individual Differences in Second Language Learning

A2 - Roberts, Leah

A2 - Meyer, Antje

PB - Wiley-Blackwell

ER -