The Type and Impact of Evidence Review Group Exploratory Analyses in the NICE Single Technology Appraisal Process

Christopher Carroll, Eva Kaltenthaler, Daniel Hill-McManus, Alison Scope, Michael Holmes, Stephen Rice, Micah Rose, Paul Tappenden, Nerys Woolacott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: As part of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) single technology appraisal process, independent evidence review groups (ERGs) critically appraise a company's submission relating to a specific technology and indication.

OBJECTIVES: To explore the type of additional exploratory analyses conducted by ERGs and their impact on the recommendations made by NICE.

METHODS: The 100 most recently completed single technology appraisals with published guidance were selected for inclusion. A content analysis of relevant documents was undertaken to identify and extract relevant data, and narrative synthesis was used to rationalize and present these data.

RESULTS: The types of exploratory analysis conducted in relation to companies' models were fixing errors, addressing violations, addressing matters of judgment, and the provision of a new, ERG-preferred base case. Ninety-three of the 100 ERG reports contained at least one of these analyses. The most frequently reported type of analysis in these 93 ERG reports related to the category "Matters of judgment," which was reported in 83 reports (89%). At least one of the exploratory analyses conducted and reported by an ERG is mentioned in 97% of NICE appraisal consultation documents and 94% of NICE final appraisal determinations, and had a clear influence on recommendations in 72% of appraisal consultation documents and 47% of final appraisal determinations.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the additional analyses undertaken by ERGs in the appraisal of company submissions are highly influential in the policy-making and decision-making process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-791
Number of pages7
JournalValue in Health
Issue number6
Early online date21 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017


  • Journal Article

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