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Thermodynamics of interacting magnetic nanoparticles

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JournalPhysical Review B
DateAccepted/In press - 29 May 2020
DatePublished (current) - 1 Jun 2020
Issue number22
Number of pages8
Original languageEnglish


We apply the concepts of stochastic thermodynamics combined with transition-state theory to develop a framework for evaluating local heat distributions across the assemblies of interacting magnetic nanoparticles (MPs) subject to time-varying external magnetic fields. We show that additivity of entropy production in the particle state-space allows separating the entropy contributions and evaluating the heat produced by the individual MPs despite interactions. Using MP chains as a model system for convenience, without losing generality, we show that the presence of dipolar interactions leads to significant heat distributions across the chains. Our study also suggests that the typically used hysteresis loops cannot be used as a measure of energy dissipation at the local particle level within MP clusters, aggregates, or assemblies, and explicit evaluation of entropy production based on appropriate theory, such as developed here, becomes necessary.

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