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Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia

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Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia. / Rannamae, Eve; Lõugas, Lembi; Speller, Camilla Filomena; Valk, Heiki ; Maldre, Liina ; Wilczyński, Jarosław ; Mikhailov, Aleksandr ; Saarma, Urmas.

In: PLoS ONE, 12.10.2016, p. 1-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Rannamae, E, Lõugas, L, Speller, CF, Valk, H, Maldre, L, Wilczyński, J, Mikhailov, A & Saarma, U 2016, 'Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia', PLoS ONE, pp. 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163676

APA

Rannamae, E., Lõugas, L., Speller, C. F., Valk, H., Maldre, L., Wilczyński, J., ... Saarma, U. (2016). Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia. PLoS ONE, 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163676

Vancouver

Rannamae E, Lõugas L, Speller CF, Valk H, Maldre L, Wilczyński J et al. Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia. PLoS ONE. 2016 Oct 12;1-47. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163676

Author

Rannamae, Eve ; Lõugas, Lembi ; Speller, Camilla Filomena ; Valk, Heiki ; Maldre, Liina ; Wilczyński, Jarosław ; Mikhailov, Aleksandr ; Saarma, Urmas. / Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia. In: PLoS ONE. 2016 ; pp. 1-47.

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@article{c053c485a2dc40c9a625d6881f2c7191,
title = "Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia",
abstract = "lthough sheep (Ovis aries) have been one of the most exploited domestic animals in Estonia since the Late Bronze Age, relatively little is known about their genetic history. Here, we explore temporal changes in Estonian sheep populations and their mitochondrial genetic diversity over the last 3000 years. We target a 558 base pair fragment of the mitochondrial hypervariable region in 115 ancient sheep from 71 sites in Estonia (c. 1200 BC – AD 1900s), 19 ancient samples from Latvia, Russia, Poland and Greece (6800 BC – AD 1700), as well as 44 samples of modern Kihnu native sheep breed. Our analyses revealed: (1) 49 mitochondrial haplotypes, associated with sheep haplogroups A and B; (2) high haplotype diversity in Estonian ancient sheep; (3) continuity in mtDNA haplotypes through time; (4) possible population expansion during the first centuries of the Middle Ages (associated with the establishment of the new power regime related to 13th century crusades); (5) significant difference in genetic diversity between ancient populations and modern native sheep, in agreement with the beginning of large-scale breeding in the 19th century and population decline in local sheep. Overall, our results suggest that in spite of the observed fluctuations in ancient sheep populations, and changes in the natural and historical conditions, the utilisation of local sheep has been constant in the territory of Estonia, displaying matrilineal continuity from the Middle Bronze Age through the Modern Period, and into modern native sheep.",
keywords = "Ovis aries, aDNA, MTDNA, GENETIC DIVERSITY, ancient lineage, Estonia",
author = "Eve Rannamae and Lembi L{\~o}ugas and Speller, {Camilla Filomena} and Heiki Valk and Liina Maldre and Jarosław Wilczyński and Aleksandr Mikhailov and Urmas Saarma",
note = "{\circledC} [year], [owner].",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0163676",
language = "English",
pages = "1--47",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three Thousand Years of Continuity in the Maternal Lineages of Ancient Sheep (Ovis aries) in Estonia

AU - Rannamae, Eve

AU - Lõugas, Lembi

AU - Speller, Camilla Filomena

AU - Valk, Heiki

AU - Maldre, Liina

AU - Wilczyński, Jarosław

AU - Mikhailov, Aleksandr

AU - Saarma, Urmas

N1 - © [year], [owner].

PY - 2016/10/12

Y1 - 2016/10/12

N2 - lthough sheep (Ovis aries) have been one of the most exploited domestic animals in Estonia since the Late Bronze Age, relatively little is known about their genetic history. Here, we explore temporal changes in Estonian sheep populations and their mitochondrial genetic diversity over the last 3000 years. We target a 558 base pair fragment of the mitochondrial hypervariable region in 115 ancient sheep from 71 sites in Estonia (c. 1200 BC – AD 1900s), 19 ancient samples from Latvia, Russia, Poland and Greece (6800 BC – AD 1700), as well as 44 samples of modern Kihnu native sheep breed. Our analyses revealed: (1) 49 mitochondrial haplotypes, associated with sheep haplogroups A and B; (2) high haplotype diversity in Estonian ancient sheep; (3) continuity in mtDNA haplotypes through time; (4) possible population expansion during the first centuries of the Middle Ages (associated with the establishment of the new power regime related to 13th century crusades); (5) significant difference in genetic diversity between ancient populations and modern native sheep, in agreement with the beginning of large-scale breeding in the 19th century and population decline in local sheep. Overall, our results suggest that in spite of the observed fluctuations in ancient sheep populations, and changes in the natural and historical conditions, the utilisation of local sheep has been constant in the territory of Estonia, displaying matrilineal continuity from the Middle Bronze Age through the Modern Period, and into modern native sheep.

AB - lthough sheep (Ovis aries) have been one of the most exploited domestic animals in Estonia since the Late Bronze Age, relatively little is known about their genetic history. Here, we explore temporal changes in Estonian sheep populations and their mitochondrial genetic diversity over the last 3000 years. We target a 558 base pair fragment of the mitochondrial hypervariable region in 115 ancient sheep from 71 sites in Estonia (c. 1200 BC – AD 1900s), 19 ancient samples from Latvia, Russia, Poland and Greece (6800 BC – AD 1700), as well as 44 samples of modern Kihnu native sheep breed. Our analyses revealed: (1) 49 mitochondrial haplotypes, associated with sheep haplogroups A and B; (2) high haplotype diversity in Estonian ancient sheep; (3) continuity in mtDNA haplotypes through time; (4) possible population expansion during the first centuries of the Middle Ages (associated with the establishment of the new power regime related to 13th century crusades); (5) significant difference in genetic diversity between ancient populations and modern native sheep, in agreement with the beginning of large-scale breeding in the 19th century and population decline in local sheep. Overall, our results suggest that in spite of the observed fluctuations in ancient sheep populations, and changes in the natural and historical conditions, the utilisation of local sheep has been constant in the territory of Estonia, displaying matrilineal continuity from the Middle Bronze Age through the Modern Period, and into modern native sheep.

KW - Ovis aries

KW - aDNA

KW - MTDNA

KW - GENETIC DIVERSITY

KW - ancient lineage

KW - Estonia

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0163676

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0163676

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 47

JO - PLoS ONE

T2 - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

ER -